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UNWIND.CONF(5) File Formats Manual UNWIND.CONF(5)

unwind.confvalidating DNS resolver configuration file

The unwind(8) daemon is a validating DNS resolver.

The unwind.conf config file is divided into the following main sections:

User-defined variables may be defined and used later, simplifying the configuration file.
Global settings for unwind(8).

Additional configuration files can be included with the include keyword.

Macros can be defined that will later be expanded in context. Macro names must start with a letter, digit, or underscore, and may contain any of those characters. Macro names may not be reserved words (for example, forwarder, port, or DoT). Macros are not expanded inside quotes.

For example:

forwarder { $fwd1 $fwd2 }

file [log]
A file containing domains to block, one per line. If a domain from this list is queried, unwind answers with a return code of REFUSED. With log blocked queries are logged.
{address [port number] [[authentication name name] DoT] ...}
A list of addresses of DNS name servers to forward queries to. port defaults to 53. If DoT is specified, use DNS over TLS when sending queries to the server at address. The default port is 853. name validates the certificate of the DNS over TLS server.
{type ...}
A list of DNS name server types to specify the order in which name servers are picked when measured round-trip time medians are equal. Additionally, the first mentioned type gets a time bonus. Validating name servers are always picked over non-validating name servers. DNS name server types are, in default order of preference:
DNS over TLS name servers configured in unwind.conf.
Name servers configured in unwind.conf. unwind tries to opportunistically use DNS over TLS.
Name servers configured in unwind.conf.
unwind itself recursively resolves names.
Name servers learned from autoconfiguration. A list of sources for proposals learned through autoconfiguration is documented in resolvd(8). unwind tries to opportunistically use DNS over TLS.
Name servers learned from autoconfiguration.
Name servers learned from autoconfiguration, queried using the libc functions (see asr_run(3)). Will never validate. Useful when running behind broken middle boxes that do not like edns0. DNS answers from stub name servers are not cached.
[accept bogus] type {name ...}
Force resolving of name and its subdomains by the given resolver type. If accept bogus is specified, validation is not enforced.

The default unwind(8) configuration file.

Block requests for domains in /etc/blocklist and log each blocked request:

block list "/etc/blocklist" log

Define a DNS over TLS (DoT) forwarder and make it the preferred resolver:

forwarder { port 8080 authentication name "resolver.local" DoT }
preference { DoT }

Where a domain requires a specific nameserver and it may only exist in a nameserver available on the local network, force unwind(8) to use a specific resolver type:

force autoconf { domain.local }

rc.conf.local(8), unwind(8), unwindctl(8)

The unwind.conf file format first appeared in OpenBSD 6.5.

February 21, 2023 OpenBSD-current