update system configuration
sysmerge is a utility designed to help the
administrator update configuration files after upgrading to a new release or
sysmerge works by comparing a reference
root directory against currently installed files.
sysmerge will work through the fileset,
offering the chance to merge any differences using
Merged files may be edited using the default editor or be left to deal with
at a later date. Should any problems occur, such as a failure to upgrade a
file, the user will be notified and will have to deal with the issue by
By default (if
-d is not used)
sysmerge only compares files whose reference sources
have changed since the last run and attempts to automatically upgrade them
to the newest version, provided that they have no local changes. It
automatically installs missing files and binaries, and updates files
differing only by CVS Id. Files whose reference sources have matching CVS Id
are skipped from comparison. /etc/fbtab and
/etc/ttys are created using helper scripts and are
always compared. Users and groups that are missing from
the current installation but present in the new
master.passwd(5) and group(5) files will always be automatically
sysmerge will finish by running
make sure the directory structure has correct permissions.
The options are as follows:
- Batch mode.
sysmergeruns non-interactively, saving differing files for later manual processing.
- Diff mode.
sysmergedoes not take any automatic action, allowing for a full diff comparison.
- Package mode.
sysmergeonly compares the default configuration files of installed packages(7) against their target on the system (@sample).
Files can be excluded from comparison by listing them in /etc/sysmerge.ignore. Checksum files stored under /var/sysmerge as well as the following files will always be skipped from direct comparison: /etc/group, /etc/localtime, /etc/master.passwd, /etc/motd, /etc/passwd, /etc/pwd.db, /etc/spwd.db, /var/db/locate.database, /var/mail/root.
- Specifies an editor to use. If both
VISUALtakes precedence. If neither
VISUALare set, the default is vi(1).
- Specifies the pagination program to use. If
PAGERis empty or not set, more(1) will be used.
- Files and directories to ignore from comparison.
- Directory containing backup of
sysmergelast run modified files. Rotated automatically in order of increasing age from backups.0 to backups.3.
- Base system set containing the reference files corresponding to the currently installed release.
- X(7) set containing the reference files corresponding to the currently installed release.
sysmerge script first appeared in
sysmerge was written by
It was originally started as a friendly fork from mergemaster by