manipulate filesystem quotas
char *path, int
cmd, int id,
call enables, disables and manipulates filesystem quotas. A quota control
command given by cmd operates on the given filename
path for the given user id. The
address of an optional command specific data structure,
addr, may be given; its interpretation is discussed
below with each command.
Currently quotas are supported only for the “ffs” filesystem. For “ffs”, a command is composed of a primary command (see below) and a command type used to interpret the id. Types are supported for interpretation of user identifiers and group identifiers. The “ffs” specific commands are:
- Enable disk quotas for the filesystem specified by path. The command type specifies the type of the quotas being enabled. The addr argument specifies a file from which to take the quotas. The quota file must exist; it is normally created with the quotacheck(8) program. The id argument is unused. Only the superuser may turn quotas on.
- Disable disk quotas for the filesystem specified by path. The command type specifies the type of the quotas being disabled. The addr and id arguments are unused. Only the superuser may turn quotas off.
- Get disk quota limits and current usage for the user or group (as determined by the command type) with identifier id. addr is a pointer to a struct dqblk structure.
- Set disk quota limits for the user or group (as determined by the command type) with identifier id. addr is a pointer to a struct dqblk structure. The usage fields of struct dqblk structure are ignored. This call is restricted to the superuser.
- Set disk usage limits for the user or group (as determined by the command type) with identifier id. addr is a pointer to a struct dqblk structure. Only the usage fields are used. This call is restricted to the superuser.
- Update the on-disk copy of quota usages. The command type specifies which type of quotas are to be updated. The id and addr parameters are ignored.
Upon successful completion, the value 0 is returned; otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.
quotactl() call will fail if:
- The kernel has not been compiled with the
- The quota table cannot be expanded.
- cmd or the command type is invalid.
Q_QUOTAON, the quota file is not a plain file.
- Search permission is denied for a component of a path prefix.
- A component of a path prefix was not a directory.
- A component of a pathname exceeded
NAME_MAXcharacters, or an entire pathname (including the terminating NUL) exceeded
- A filename does not exist.
- Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating a pathname.
Q_QUOTAON, the quota file resides on a read-only filesystem.
- An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to a file containing quotas.
- An invalid addr was supplied; the associated structure could not be copied in or out of the kernel.
- path points outside the process's allocated address space.
- The call was privileged and the caller was not the superuser.
quota(1), fstab(5), edquota(8), quotacheck(8), quotaon(8), repquota(8)
quotactl() function call appeared in
There should be some way to integrate this call with the resource limit interface provided by setrlimit(2) and getrlimit(2).