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UI_CREATE_METHOD(3) Library Functions Manual UI_CREATE_METHOD(3)

UI_create_method, UI_destroy_method, UI_method_set_opener, UI_method_set_writer, UI_method_set_flusher, UI_method_set_reader, UI_method_set_closer, UI_method_set_prompt_constructor, UI_method_get_opener, UI_method_get_writer, UI_method_get_flusher, UI_method_get_reader, UI_method_get_closer, UI_method_get_prompt_constructoruser interface method creation and destruction

#include <openssl/ui.h>

UI_METHOD *
UI_create_method(const char *name);

void
UI_destroy_method(UI_METHOD *ui_method);

int
UI_method_set_opener(UI_METHOD *method, int (*opener)(UI *ui));

int
UI_method_set_writer(UI_METHOD *method, int (*writer)(UI *ui, UI_STRING *uis));

int
UI_method_set_flusher(UI_METHOD *method, int (*flusher)(UI *ui));

int
UI_method_set_reader(UI_METHOD *method, int (*reader)(UI *ui, UI_STRING *uis));

int
UI_method_set_closer(UI_METHOD *method, int (*closer)(UI *ui));

int
UI_method_set_prompt_constructor(UI_METHOD *method, char *(*prompt_constructor)(UI *ui, const char *object_desc, const char *object_name));

int
(*UI_method_get_opener(const UI_METHOD *method))(UI *;);

int
(*UI_method_get_writer(const UI_METHOD *method))(UI *, UI_STRING *);

int
(*UI_method_get_flusher(const UI_METHOD *method))(UI *);

int
(*UI_method_get_reader(const UI_METHOD *method))(UI *, UI_STRING *);

int
(*UI_method_get_closer(const UI_METHOD *method))(UI *);

char *
(*UI_method_get_prompt_constructor(UI_METHOD *method))(UI *, const char *, const char *);

A method contains a few functions that implement the low level of the User Interface. These functions are:

an opener
This function takes a reference to a UI and starts a session, for example by opening a channel to a tty, or by creating a dialog box.
a writer
This function takes a reference to a UI and a UI String, and writes the string where appropriate, maybe to the tty, maybe added as a field label in a dialog box. Note that this gets fed all strings associated with a UI, one after the other, so care must be taken which ones it actually uses.
a flusher
This function takes a reference to a UI, and flushes everything that has been output so far. For example, if the method builds up a dialog box, this can be used to actually display it and accepting input ended with a pressed button.
a reader
This function takes a reference to a UI and a UI string and reads off the given prompt, maybe from the tty, maybe from a field in a dialog box. Note that this gets fed all strings associated with a UI, one after the other, so care must be taken which ones it actually uses.
a closer
This function takes a reference to a UI, and closes the session, maybe by closing the channel to the tty, maybe by destroying a dialog box.

All of these functions are expected to return 0 on error, 1 on success, or -1 on out-off-band events, for example if some prompting has been cancelled (by pressing Ctrl-C, for example). Only the flusher or the reader are expected to return -1. If returned by another of the functions, it's treated as if 0 was returned.

Regarding the writer and the reader, don't assume the former should only write and don't assume the latter should only read. This depends on the needs of the method.

For example, a typical tty reader wouldn't write the prompts in the write, but would rather do so in the reader, because of the sequential nature of prompting on a tty. This is how the UI_OpenSSL(3) method does it.

In contrast, a method that builds up a dialog box would add all prompt text in the writer, have all input read in the flusher and store the results in some temporary buffer, and finally have the reader just fetch those results.

The central function that uses these method functions is UI_process(3), and it does it in five steps:

  1. Open the session using the opener function if that one is defined. If an error occurs, jump to 5.
  2. For every UI String associated with the UI, call the writer function if that one is defined. If an error occurs, jump to 5.
  3. Flush everything using the flusher function if that one is defined. If an error occurs, jump to 5.
  4. For every UI String associated with the UI, call the reader function if that one is defined. If an error occurs, jump to 5.
  5. Close the session using the closer function if that one is defined.

UI_create_method() creates a new UI method with a given name.

UI_destroy_method() destroys the given ui_method.

UI_method_set_opener(), UI_method_set_writer(), UI_method_set_flusher(), UI_method_set_reader() and UI_method_set_closer() set one of the five main methods to the given function pointer.

UI_method_set_prompt_constructor() sets the prompt constructor, see UI_construct_prompt(3).

UI_create_method() returns a UI_METHOD pointer on success or NULL on error.

UI_method_set_opener(), UI_method_set_writer(), UI_method_set_flusher(), UI_method_set_reader(), UI_method_set_closer(), and UI_method_set_prompt_constructor() return 0 on success or -1 if the given method is NULL.

UI_method_get_opener(), UI_method_get_writer(), UI_method_get_flusher(), UI_method_get_reader(), UI_method_get_closer(), and UI_method_get_prompt_constructor() return the requested function pointer if it is set in the method, or otherwise NULL.

UI_get_string_type(3), UI_new(3)

UI_create_method(), UI_destroy_method(), UI_method_set_opener(), UI_method_set_writer(), UI_method_set_flusher(), UI_method_set_reader(), UI_method_set_closer(), UI_method_get_opener(), UI_method_get_writer(), UI_method_get_flusher(), UI_method_get_reader(), and UI_method_get_closer() first appeared in OpenSSL 0.9.7 and have been available since OpenBSD 3.2.

UI_method_set_prompt_constructor() and UI_method_get_prompt_constructor() first appeared in OpenSSL 1.0.0 and have been available since OpenBSD 4.9.

May 19, 2018 OpenBSD-current