EVP signature verification
*ctx, EVP_PKEY_CTX **pctx, const
EVP_MD *type, ENGINE *e,
*ctx, const void *d, size_t
*ctx, unsigned char *sig, size_t
The EVP signature routines are a high level interface to digital signatures.
sets up verification context ctx to use digest
type from ENGINE
e and public key pkey.
ctx must be initialized with
EVP_MD_CTX_init(3) before calling this function. If
pctx is not
EVP_PKEY_CTX of the verification operation will be
written to *pctx: this can be used to set alternative
hashes cnt bytes of data at d
into the verification context ctx. This function can
be called several times on the same ctx to include
additional data. This function is currently implemented using a macro.
verifies the data in ctx against the signature in
sig of length siglen.
The EVP interface to digital signatures should almost always be used in preference to the low level interfaces. This is because the code then becomes transparent to the algorithm used and much more flexible.
In previous versions of OpenSSL, there was a link between message digest types and public key algorithms. This meant that "clone" digests such as EVP_dss1(3) needed to be used to sign using SHA1 and DSA. This is no longer necessary and the use of clone digest is now discouraged.
The call to
internally finalizes a copy of the digest context. This means that
EVP_VerifyFinal(3) can be called later to digest and verify
Since only a copy of the digest context is ever finalized, the context must be cleaned up after use by calling EVP_MD_CTX_cleanup(3) or a memory leak will occur.
EVP_DigestVerifyUpdate() return 1 for success and 0
or a negative value for failure. In particular a return value of -2
indicates the operation is not supported by the public key algorithm.
EVP_DigestVerifyFinal() returns 1 for
success; any other value indicates failure. A return value of 0 indicates
that the signature did not verify successfully (that is, the signature did
not match the original data or the signature had an invalid form), while
other values indicate a more serious error (and sometimes also indicate an
invalid signature form).
The error codes can be obtained from ERR_get_error(3).
ERR(3), evp(3), EVP_DigestInit(3), EVP_DigestSignInit(3)
EVP_DigestVerifyFinal() were first added to OpenSSL