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ETHERIP(4) Device Drivers Manual ETHERIP(4)

etheripEtherIP tunnel interface

pseudo-device etherip

The etherip interface is a pseudo-device for tunnelling Ethernet frames across IP[46] networks using RFC 3378 EtherIP encapsulation.

An etherip interface can be created using the ifconfig etheripN create command or by setting up a hostname.if(5) configuration file for netstart(8). It must be configured with the addresses used for the outer header. This can be done using ifconfig(8)'s tunnel command (which uses the SIOCSLIFPHYADDR ioctl).

The etherip interface must be made a member of a bridge(4). The sysctl(2) variable net.inet.etherip.allow must be set to 1, unless ipsec(4) is being used to protect the traffic. Ethernet frames are then encapsulated and sent across the network to another bridge(4), which decapsulates the datagram and processes the resulting Ethernet frame as if it had originated on a normal Ethernet interface. This effectively allows a layer 2 network to be extended from one point to another, possibly through the Internet. This mechanism may be used in conjunction with IPsec by specifying the appropriate IPsec flows between the two bridges. To only protect the bridge traffic between the two bridges, the transport protocol 97 (etherip) selector may be used in ipsec.conf(5). Otherwise, the Ethernet frames will be sent in the clear between the two bridges.

Given two physically separate Ethernet networks, a bridge can be used as follows to make them appear as the same local area network. If bridge1 on network1 has the external IP address on em0, bridge2 on network2 has the external IP address on em0, and both bridges have em1 on their internal network (network1 and network2, respectively), the following configuration can be used to bridge network1 and network2.

First create the bridge interface, adding the encapsulation interface and internal Ethernet interface to the bridge interface:

# ifconfig bridge0 add etherip0 add em1

Create and configure the etherip0 interface:

(on bridge 1) # ifconfig etherip0 tunnel
(on bridge 2) # ifconfig etherip0 tunnel

Create Security Associations (SAs) between the external IP address of each bridge and matching ingress flows by using the following ipsec.conf(5) file on bridge1:

esp from to spi 0x4242:0x4243 \
        authkey file "auth1:auth2" enckey file "enc1:enc2"
flow esp proto etherip from to

Now load these rules into the kernel by issuing the ipsecctl(8) command:

# ipsecctl -f ipsec.conf

Appropriate ipsec.conf(5) for bridge2:

esp from to spi 0x4243:0x4242 \
        authkey file "auth2:auth1" enckey file "enc2:enc1"
flow esp proto etherip from to

And load them:

# ipsecctl -f ipsec.conf

To use dynamic (as opposed to static) keying, use this ipsec.conf(5) on bridge1:

ike esp proto etherip from to

And on bridge2:

ike esp proto etherip from to

Bring up the internal interface (if not already up) and encapsulation interface:

# ifconfig em1 up
# ifconfig etherip0 up

Finally, bring the bridge interface up and allow it to start processing frames:

# ifconfig bridge0 up

The internal interface on each bridge need not have an IP address: the bridge can function without it.

Note: It is possible to put the above commands in the hostname.if(5) files, using the ‘!’ operator.

sysctl(2), bridge(4), inet(4), inet6(4), ipsec(4), hostname.if(5), ifconfig(8), netstart(8)

R. Housley and S. Hollenbeck, EtherIP: Tunneling Ethernet Frames in IP Datagrams, RFC 3378, September 2002.

The etherip device first appeared in OpenBSD 5.9.

The etherip driver was written by Kazuya Goda <>.

January 12, 2018 OpenBSD-6.3