|stat(1)||display file status|
|stat, fstat, fstatat, lstat, S_ISBLK, S_ISCHR, S_ISDIR, S_ISFIFO, S_ISLNK, S_ISREG, S_ISSOCK(2)||get file status|
|STAT(1)||General Commands Manual||STAT(1)|
statutility displays information about the file pointed to by file. Read, write, or execute permissions of the named file are not required, but all directories listed in the pathname leading to the file must be searchable. If no argument is given,
statdisplays information about the file descriptor for standard input.
The information displayed is obtained by calling lstat(2) with the given argument and evaluating the returned structure. The default format displays the st_dev, st_ino, st_mode, st_nlink, st_uid, st_gid, st_rdev, st_size, st_atime, st_mtime, st_ctime, st_blksize, st_blocks, and st_flags fields, in that order.
The options are as follows:
statwill refer to the target of file, if file is a symbolic link, and not to file itself.
%, are then followed by a sequence of formatting characters, and end in a character that selects the field of the struct stat which is to be formatted. If the
%is immediately followed by one of
@, then a newline character, a tab character, a percent character, or the current file number is printed, otherwise the string is examined for the following:
Any of the following optional flags:
+’ overrides a space if both are used.
Then the following fields:
.’ and a decimal digit string that indicates the maximum string length, the number of digits to appear after the decimal point in floating point output, or the minimum number of digits to appear in numeric output.
S. These represent signed decimal output, octal output, unsigned decimal output, hexadecimal output, floating point output, and string output, respectively. Some output formats do not apply to all fields. Floating point output only applies to timespec fields (the
The special output specifier
S may be
used to indicate that the output, if applicable, should be in string
format. May be used in combination with
Yis a string, but if specified explicitly, these four characters are prepended.
Toutput formats. It can be one of the following:
d, the user bits for permissions from the string form of
p, the file type bits from the numeric forms of
p, and the long output form of
d, the other bits for permissions from the string form of
p, the user, group, and other bits from the numeric forms of
p, and the
ls -Fstyle output character for file type when used with
T(the use of
Lfor this is optional).
p, or the suid, sgid, and sticky bits for the numeric forms of
The following four field specifiers are not drawn directly from the data in struct stat, but are:
% and the field specifier are
required. Most field specifiers default to
U as an
output form, with the exception of
p which defaults
c which default to
N, which default to
statutility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.
> stat -F /tmp/foo lrwxrwxrwx 1 jschauma cs 1 Apr 24 16:37:28 2002 /tmp/foo@ -> / > stat -LF /tmp/foo drwxr-xr-x 16 root wheel 512 Apr 19 10:57:54 2002 /tmp/foo/
To initialize some shell-variables, you could use the
-s flag as follows:
> csh % eval set `stat -s .cshrc` % echo $st_size $st_mtime 1148 1015432481 > sh $ eval $(stat -s .profile) $ echo $st_size $st_mtime 1148 1015432481
In order to get a list of the kind of files including files pointed to if the file is a symbolic link, you could use the following format:
$ stat -f "%N: %HT%SY" /tmp/* /tmp/bar: Symbolic Link -> /tmp/foo /tmp/output25568: Regular File /tmp/blah: Directory /tmp/foo: Symbolic Link -> /
In order to get a list of the devices, their types and the major and minor device numbers, formatted with tabs and linebreaks, you could use the following format:
stat -f "Name: %N%n%tType: %HT%n%tMajor: %Hr%n%tMinor: %Lr%n%n" /dev/* [...] Name: /dev/xfs0 Type: Character Device Major: 51 Minor: 0 Name: /dev/zero Type: Character Device Major: 2 Minor: 12
In order to determine the permissions set on a file separately, you could use the following format:
> stat -f "%Sp -> owner=%SHp group=%SMp other=%SLp" . drwxr-xr-x -> owner=rwx group=r-x other=r-x
In order to determine the three files that have been modified most recently, you could use the following format:
> stat -f "%m%t%Sm %N" /tmp/* | sort -rn | head -3 | cut -f2- Apr 25 11:47:00 2002 /tmp/blah Apr 25 10:36:34 2002 /tmp/bar Apr 24 16:47:35 2002 /tmp/foo
statutility first appeared in OpenBSD 3.8.
statutility was written by Andrew Brown <atatat@NetBSD.org>. This man page was written by Jan Schaumann <jschauma@NetBSD.org>.
|March 16, 2018||OpenBSD-current|