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RPC.STATD(8) System Manager's Manual RPC.STATD(8)

rpc.statdhost status monitoring daemon

rpc.statd [-d]

rpc.statd is a daemon which co-operates with rpc.statd daemons on other hosts to provide a status monitoring service. The daemon accepts requests from programs running on the local host (typically, rpc.lockd(8), the NFS file locking daemon) to monitor the status of specified hosts. If a monitored host crashes and restarts, the remote daemon will notify the local daemon, which in turn will notify the local program(s) which requested the monitoring service. Conversely if this host crashes and restarts when rpc.statd restarts, it will notify all of the hosts which were being monitored at the time of the crash.

The options available are:

Causes debugging information to be written to syslog(3), recording all RPC transactions to the daemon. These messages are logged with level LOG_DEBUG and facility LOG_DAEMON. Error conditions are logged irrespective of this option, using level LOG_ERR.

The rpc.statd daemon must NOT be invoked by inetd(8) because the protocol assumes that the daemon will run from system start time. Instead, it should be configured in rc.conf(8) to run at system startup.

RPC protocol specification used by local applications to register monitoring requests.
Non-volatile record of currently monitored hosts.

syslog(3), rc.conf(8), rpc.lockd(8)

This implementation is based on the specification in the X/Open CAE Specification C218, "Protocols for X/Open PC Interworking: XNFS, Issue 4", ISBN 1 872630 66 9.

A version of rpc.statd appeared in SunOS 4. The current implementation was ported from NetBSD to OpenBSD 4.4.

There is no means for the daemon to tell when a monitored host has disappeared permanently (e.g. catastrophic hardware failure), as opposed to transient failure of the host or an intermediate router. At present, it will retry notification attempts at frequent intervals for 10 minutes, then hourly, and finally gives up after 24 hours.

The protocol requires that symmetric monitor requests are made to both the local and remote daemon in order to establish a monitored relationship. This is convenient for the NFS locking protocol, but probably reduces the usefulness of the monitoring system for other applications.

The current implementation uses more than 1Kbyte per monitored host in the status file (and also in VM). This may be inefficient for NFS servers with large numbers of clients.

October 17, 2017 OpenBSD-current