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GETTTYENT(3) Library Functions Manual GETTTYENT(3)

getttyent, getttynam, setttyent, endttyent
get ttys file entry

#include <ttyent.h>
struct ttyent *
getttyent(void);
struct ttyent *
getttynam(const char *name);
int
setttyent(void);
int
endttyent(void);

The getttyent() and getttynam() functions each return a pointer to an object, with the following structure, containing the broken-out fields of a line from the tty description file.
struct ttyent { 
	char	*ty_name;	/* terminal device name */ 
	char	*ty_getty;	/* command to execute */ 
	char	*ty_type;	/* terminal type */ 
#define	TTY_ON		0x01	/* enable logins */ 
#define	TTY_SECURE	0x02	/* allow uid of 0 to login */ 
#define	TTY_LOCAL	0x04	/* set 'CLOCAL' on open */ 
#define	TTY_RTSCTS	0x08	/* set 'CRTSCTS' on open */ 
#define	TTY_SOFTCAR	0x10	/* ignore hardware carrier */ 
#define	TTY_MDMBUF	0x20	/* set 'MDMBUF' on open */ 
	int	ty_status;	/* flag values */ 
	char	*ty_window;	/* command for window manager */ 
	char	*ty_comment;	/* comment field */ 
};
The fields are as follows:
 
 
ty_name
Name of the character-special file.
 
 
ty_getty
Name of the command invoked by init(8) to initialize tty line characteristics.
 
 
ty_type
Name of the default terminal type connected to this tty line.
 
 
ty_status
A mask of bit fields which indicate various actions allowed on this tty line. The possible flags are as follows:
 
 
Enables logins (i.e., init(8) will start the command referenced by ty_getty on this entry).
 
 
Allow users with a UID of 0 to login on this terminal.
 
 
If the terminal port's driver supports it, cause the line to be treated as “local”.
 
 
If the terminal port's driver supports it, use DTR/DCD hardware flow control on the line by default.
 
 
If the terminal port's driver supports it, use full-duplex RTS/CTS hardware flow control on the line by default.
 
 
If the terminal port's driver supports it, ignore hardware carrier on the line.
 
 
ty_window
Command to execute for a window system associated with the line.
 
 
ty_comment
Any trailing comment field, with any leading hash marks (‘#’) or whitespace removed.
If any of the fields pointing to character strings are unspecified, they are returned as null pointers. The field ty_status will be zero if no flag values are specified.
See ttys(5) for a more complete discussion of the meaning and usage of the fields.
The getttyent() function reads the next line from the ttys file, opening the file if necessary. setttyent() rewinds the file if open, or opens the file if it is unopened. endttyent() closes any open files.
getttynam() searches from the beginning of the file until a matching name is found (or until EOF is encountered).

The routines getttyent() and getttynam() return a null pointer on EOF or error. The setttyent() function and endttyent() return 0 on failure or 1 on success.

/etc/ttys
 

login(1), ttyslot(3), gettytab(5), termcap(5), ttys(5), getty(8), init(8), ttyflags(8)

The getttyent(), getttynam(), setttyent(), and endttyent() functions appeared in 4.3BSD.

These functions use static data storage; if the data is needed for future use, it should be copied before any subsequent calls overwrite it.
June 5, 2013 OpenBSD-current