|CLOSE(2)||System Calls Manual||CLOSE(2)|
close — delete a
close() call deletes a descriptor
d from the per-process object reference table. If this
is the last reference to the underlying object, the object will be
deactivated. For example, on the last close of a file, the current
seek pointer associated with the file is lost; on the last
close of a socket(2), associated naming
information and queued data are discarded; and on the last close of a file
holding an advisory lock, the lock is released (see
flock(2)). However, the semantics of
System V and IEEE Std 1003.1-1988
(“POSIX.1”) dictate that all
fcntl(2) advisory record locks associated
with a file for a given process are removed when any file
descriptor for that file is closed by that process.
When a process exits, all associated file descriptors are freed,
but since there is a limit on active descriptors per process, the
close() function call is useful when a large
quantity of file descriptors are being handled.
When a process forks (see
fork(2)), all descriptors for the new child
process reference the same objects as they did in the parent before the
fork. If a new process image is to then be run using
execve(2), the process would normally
inherit these descriptors. Most of the descriptors can be rearranged with
dup2(2) or deleted with
close() before the
execve(2) is attempted, but since some of
these descriptors may still be needed should the
execve(2) fail, it is necessary to
arrange for them to be closed when the
execve(2) succeeds. For this reason, the
F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC) is
provided, which arranges that a descriptor will be closed after a successful
execve(2); the call
F_SETFD, 0) restores the
default, which is to not close the descriptor.
Upon successful completion, the value 0 is returned; otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.
close() will fail if:
close() conforms to IEEE
Std 1003.1-2008 (“POSIX.1”).
close() system call first appeared in
Version 1 AT&T UNIX.
|December 10, 2014||OpenBSD-current|