|BADSECT(8)||System Manager's Manual||BADSECT(8)|
||bbdir sector ...|
badsectmakes a file to contain a bad sector. Normally, bad sectors are made inaccessible by the standard formatter, which provides a forwarding table for bad sectors to the driver. If a driver supports the bad blocking standard, it is much more preferable to use that method to isolate bad blocks, since the bad block forwarding makes the pack appear perfect, and such packs can then be copied with dd(1). The technique used by this program is also less general than bad block forwarding, as
badsectcan't make amends for bad blocks in the i-list of file systems or in swap areas.
On some disks, adding a sector which is suddenly bad to the bad
sector table currently requires the running of the standard DEC formatter.
Thus to deal with a newly bad block or on disks where the drivers do not
support the bad-blocking standard
badsect may be
used to good effect.
badsect is used on a quiet file system in
the following way: First mount the file system, and change to its root
directory. Make a directory
BAD there. Run
badsect, giving as argument the
BAD directory followed by all the bad sectors you wish
to add. (The sector numbers must be relative to the beginning of the file
system, but this is not hard as the system reports relative sector numbers
in its console error messages.) Then change back to the root directory,
unmount the file system and run fsck(8) on
the file system. The bad sectors should show up in two files or in the bad
sector files and the free list. Have fsck remove files
containing the offending bad sectors, but do not have it
remove the BAD/nnnnn files. This
will leave the bad sectors in only the
badsect works by giving the specified
sector numbers in a mknod(2) system call,
creating an illegal file whose first block address is the block containing
the bad sector, and whose name is the bad sector number. When it is
discovered by fsck it will ask
HOLD BAD BLOCK?” A positive response
will cause fsck to convert the inode to a regular file
containing the bad block.
badsectrefuses to attach a block that resides in a critical area or is out of range of the file system. A warning is issued if the block is already in use.
badsectcommand appeared in 4.1BSD.
badsect, as the blocks in the bad sector files actually cover all the sectors in a file system fragment.
|August 6, 2007||OpenBSD-current|