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OBJ_NID2OBJ(3) Library Functions Manual OBJ_NID2OBJ(3)

OBJ_nid2obj, OBJ_nid2ln, OBJ_nid2sn, OBJ_obj2nid, OBJ_ln2nid, OBJ_sn2nid, OBJ_txt2nid, OBJ_txt2obj, OBJ_obj2txt, OBJ_cmp, OBJ_dup, i2t_ASN1_OBJECT, i2a_ASN1_OBJECTinspect and create ASN.1 object identifiers

#include <openssl/objects.h>

OBJ_nid2obj(int n);

const char *
OBJ_nid2ln(int n);

const char *
OBJ_nid2sn(int n);

OBJ_obj2nid(const ASN1_OBJECT *o);

OBJ_ln2nid(const char *ln);

OBJ_sn2nid(const char *sn);

OBJ_txt2nid(const char *s);

OBJ_txt2obj(const char *s, int no_name);

OBJ_obj2txt(char *buf, int buf_len, const ASN1_OBJECT *a, int no_name);

OBJ_cmp(const ASN1_OBJECT *a, const ASN1_OBJECT *b);

OBJ_dup(const ASN1_OBJECT *o);

#include <openssl/asn1.h>

i2t_ASN1_OBJECT(char *buf, int buf_len, const ASN1_OBJECT *a);

i2a_ASN1_OBJECT(BIO *out_bio, const ASN1_OBJECT *a);

The ASN.1 object utility functions process ASN1_OBJECT structures which are a representation of the ASN.1 OBJECT IDENTIFIER (OID) type. For convenience, OIDs are usually represented in source code as numeric identifiers, or NIDs. OpenSSL has an internal table of OIDs that are generated when the library is built, and their corresponding NIDs are available as defined constants. For the functions below, application code should treat all returned values — OIDs, NIDs, or names — as constants.

(), (), and () convert the NID n to an ASN1_OBJECT structure, its long name, and its short name, respectively, or return NULL if an error occurred.

(), (), and () return the corresponding NID for the object o, the long name ln, or the short name sn, respectively, or NID_undef if an error occurred.

() returns the NID corresponding to text string s. s can be a long name, a short name, or the numerical representation of an object.

() converts the text string s into an ASN1_OBJECT structure. If no_name is 0 then long names and short names will be interpreted as well as numerical forms. If no_name is 1, only the numerical form is acceptable.

() converts the ASN1_OBJECT a into a textual representation. The representation is written as a NUL terminated string to buf. At most buf_len bytes are written, truncating the result if necessary. The total amount of space required is returned. If no_name is 0 and the object has a long or short name, then that will be used, otherwise the numerical form will be used.

() is the same as OBJ_obj2txt() with no_name set to 0.

() writes a textual representation of a to out_bio using BIO_write(3). It does not write a terminating NUL byte. If a is NULL or contains no data, it writes the 4-byte string "NULL". If i2t_ASN1_OBJECT() fails, i2a_ASN1_OBJECT() writes the 9-byte string "<INVALID>". Otherwise, it writes the string constructed with i2t_ASN1_OBJECT().

() compares a to b. If the two are identical, 0 is returned.

() returns a deep copy of o if o is marked as dynamically allocated. The new object and all data contained in it is marked as dynamically allocated. If o is not marked as dynamically allocated, OBJ_dup() just returns o itself.

Objects can have a short name, a long name, and a numerical identifier (NID) associated with them. A standard set of objects is represented in an internal table. The appropriate values are defined in the header file <openssl/objects.h>.

For example, the OID for commonName has the following definitions:

#define SN_commonName                   "CN"
#define LN_commonName                   "commonName"
#define NID_commonName                  13

New objects can be added by calling OBJ_create(3).

Table objects have certain advantages over other objects: for example their NIDs can be used in a C language switch statement. They are also static constant structures which are shared: that is there is only a single constant structure for each table object.

Objects which are not in the table have the NID value NID_undef.

Objects do not need to be in the internal tables to be processed: the functions () and OBJ_obj2txt() can process the numerical form of an OID.

OBJ_nid2obj(), OBJ_txt2obj(), and OBJ_dup() return an ASN1_OBJECT object or NULL if an error occurs.

OBJ_nid2ln() and OBJ_nid2sn() return a valid string or NULL on error.

OBJ_obj2nid(), OBJ_ln2nid(), OBJ_sn2nid(), and OBJ_txt2nid() return a NID or NID_undef on error.

OBJ_obj2txt() and i2t_ASN1_OBJECT() return the amount of space required in bytes, including the terminating NUL byte.

i2a_ASN1_OBJECT() returns the number of bytes written, even if a is invalid or contains invalid data, but a negative value if memory allocation or a write operation fails.

OBJ_cmp() returns 0 if the contents of a and b are identical, or non-zero otherwise.

In some cases of failure of OBJ_nid2obj(), OBJ_nid2ln(), OBJ_nid2sn(), OBJ_txt2nid(), OBJ_txt2obj(), OBJ_obj2txt(), OBJ_dup(), i2t_ASN1_OBJECT(), and i2a_ASN1_OBJECT(), the reason can be determined with ERR_get_error(3).

Create an object for commonName:

o = OBJ_nid2obj(NID_commonName);

Check if an object is commonName:

if (OBJ_obj2nid(obj) == NID_commonName)
	/* Do something */

Create a new object directly:

obj = OBJ_txt2obj("", 1);

ASN1_OBJECT_new(3), BIO_new(3), d2i_ASN1_OBJECT(3), OBJ_add_sigid(3), OBJ_create(3), OBJ_NAME_add(3)

OBJ_nid2obj(), OBJ_nid2ln(), OBJ_nid2sn(), OBJ_obj2nid(), OBJ_ln2nid(), OBJ_sn2nid(), OBJ_txt2nid(), OBJ_cmp(), and OBJ_dup() first appeared in SSLeay 0.5.1. i2a_ASN1_OBJECT() first appeared in SSLeay 0.6.0, and i2t_ASN1_OBJECT() in SSLeay 0.9.0. All these functions have been available since OpenBSD 2.4.

OBJ_txt2obj() first appeared in OpenSSL 0.9.2b. OBJ_obj2txt() first appeared in OpenSSL 0.9.4. Both functions have been available since OpenBSD 2.6.

OBJ_obj2txt() is awkward and messy to use: it doesn't follow the convention of other OpenSSL functions where the buffer can be set to NULL to determine the amount of data that should be written. Instead buf must point to a valid buffer and buf_len should be set to a positive value. A buffer length of 80 should be more than enough to handle any OID encountered in practice.

March 31, 2022 OpenBSD-7.1