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EVP_PKEY_VERIFY(3) Library Functions Manual EVP_PKEY_VERIFY(3)

EVP_PKEY_verify_init, EVP_PKEY_verifysignature verification using a public key algorithm

#include <openssl/evp.h>

EVP_PKEY_verify_init(EVP_PKEY_CTX *ctx);

EVP_PKEY_verify(EVP_PKEY_CTX *ctx, const unsigned char *sig, size_t siglen, const unsigned char *tbs, size_t tbslen);

The () function initializes a public key algorithm context using key ctx->pkey for a signature verification operation.

The () function performs a public key verification operation using ctx. The signature is specified using the sig and siglen parameters. The verified data (i.e. the data believed originally signed) is specified using the tbs and tbslen parameters.

After the call to (), algorithm specific control operations can be performed to set any appropriate parameters for the operation.

The function () can be called more than once on the same context if several operations are performed using the same parameters.

EVP_PKEY_verify_init() and EVP_PKEY_verify() return 1 if the verification was successful and 0 if it failed. Unlike other functions the return value 0 from EVP_PKEY_verify() only indicates that the signature did not verify successfully. That is, tbs did not match the original data or the signature was of invalid form. It is not an indication of a more serious error.

A negative value indicates an error other that signature verification failure. In particular, a return value of -2 indicates the operation is not supported by the public key algorithm.

Verify signature using PKCS#1 and SHA256 digest:

#include <openssl/evp.h>
#include <openssl/rsa.h>

unsigned char *md, *sig;
size_t mdlen, siglen;
EVP_PKEY *verify_key;

 * Assumes that verify_key, sig, siglen, md, and mdlen are already set up
 * and that verify_key is an RSA public key.
ctx = EVP_PKEY_CTX_new(verify_key, NULL);
if (!ctx)
	/* Error occurred */
if (EVP_PKEY_verify_init(ctx) <= 0)
	/* Error */
if (EVP_PKEY_CTX_set_rsa_padding(ctx, RSA_PKCS1_PADDING) <= 0)
	/* Error */
if (EVP_PKEY_CTX_set_signature_md(ctx, EVP_sha256()) <= 0)
	/* Error */

/* Perform operation */
ret = EVP_PKEY_verify(ctx, sig, siglen, md, mdlen);

 * ret == 1 indicates success, 0 verify failure,
 * and < 0 some other error.

EVP_PKEY_CTX_new(3), EVP_PKEY_decrypt(3), EVP_PKEY_derive(3), EVP_PKEY_encrypt(3), EVP_PKEY_meth_set_verify(3), EVP_PKEY_sign(3), EVP_PKEY_verify_recover(3)

EVP_PKEY_verify_init() and EVP_PKEY_verify() first appeared in OpenSSL 1.0.0 and have been available since OpenBSD 4.9.

March 23, 2018 OpenBSD-6.9