Intel PRO/Wireless 2100 IEEE 802.11b
wireless network device
ipw* at pci?
ipw driver provides support for the
Intel PRO/Wireless 2100 Mini PCI network adapter.
These are the modes the
ipw driver can
- BSS mode
- Also known as infrastructure mode, this is used when associating with an access point, through which all traffic passes. This mode is the default.
- IBSS mode
- Also known as IEEE ad-hoc mode or peer-to-peer mode. This is the standardized method of operating without an access point. Stations associate with a service set. However, actual connections between stations are peer-to-peer.
- monitor mode
- In this mode the driver is able to receive packets without associating with an access point. This disables the internal receive filter and enables the card to capture packets from networks which it wouldn't normally have access to, or to scan for access points.
ipw driver can be configured to use
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) or Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA1 and WPA2).
WPA2 is the current encryption standard for wireless networks. It is
strongly recommended that neither WEP nor WPA1 are used as the sole
mechanism to secure wireless communication, due to serious weaknesses. WPA1
is disabled by default and may be enabled using the option
wpa1,wpa2". For standard WPA networks which use
pre-shared keys (PSK), keys are configured using the
wpakey" option. WPA-Enterprise networks
require use of the wpa_supplicant package. The
driver relies on the software 802.11 stack for both encryption and
decryption of data frames.
ipw driver can be configured at
ifconfig(8) or on boot with
The driver needs at least version 1.3 of the following firmware files, which are loaded when an interface is brought up:
These firmware files are not free because Intel refuses to grant distribution rights without contractual obligations. As a result, even though OpenBSD includes the driver, the firmware files cannot be included and users have to find these files on their own. The official person to state your views to about this issue is firstname.lastname@example.org.
A prepackaged version of the firmware can be installed using fw_update(1).
The following example scans for available networks:
# ifconfig ipw0 scan
The following hostname.if(5) example configures ipw0 to join network “mynwid”, using WPA key “mywpakey”, obtaining an IP address using DHCP:
nwid mynwid wpakey mywpakey dhcp
- ipw0: device timeout
- The driver will reset the hardware. This should not happen.
- ipw0: error N, could not read firmware ...
- For some reason, the driver was unable to read the firmware image from the filesystem. The file might be missing or corrupted.
arp(4), ifmedia(4), intro(4), netintro(4), pci(4), hostname.if(5), ifconfig(8)
ipw driver first appeared in
ipw driver was written by
This driver does not support powersave mode.