verify problems in package
pkg_check-problems is used to check a
collection of packages for problems that cannot be noticed in individual
packages, such as conflict and directory registration issues.
A conflict is a file that belongs to two distinct packages.
By default, packages with the same stem (see
packages-specs(7)) are registered to conflict. This can be
changed to add or remove extra conflict registration with
@option no-default-conflict or
Conflicts between packages mean that a user can't have both packages installed at the same time. In some cases (same software, different version), this is expected, but the packages should be marked as conflicting, so that pkg_add(1) knows how to deal with it. In other cases, this is an oversight from the ports maintainer, and action should be taken to make sure both packages can be installed simultaneously. Conflicts also interact with dependencies, and sometimes a missing dependency will show up as an unregistered conflict.
Directories can belong to distinct packages, as long as they are registered somewhere. Every directory that is not part of the standard mtree(8) set should appear in a packing-list somewhere.
Contrary to files, directories can be shared between several packages.
pkg_check-problems knows enough about
packages to trace directories back to a common dependency, or to not flag
two packages as conflicting when they depend on already conflicting
pkg_check-problems requires a set of
packing-lists to operate, which it can obtain from several sources. The
preferred source is the packing-list databases (see
register-plist(1)), as it persists over time and can be used
to fix update information as well as current version information.
It should be supplemented with the ports tree itself in order to figure out current versions.
Options are as follows:
- Do not compute conflict information.
- Do not compute common dir information.
- Check for extra logical conflicts, by adding supplementary formatted/unformatted manpages, as same name manpages under the same base directory will shadow one another.
- Save results to output file as well as writing it on the screen.
- Be silent.
- Be verbose.
- Scan directory plist-dir for packing-lists.
- Traverse the ports directory for packing-lists, using
print-plist-all. More than one directory could be
specified by delimiting them by colon, e.g.:
-dplist-dir is also used, traverse only the directories corresponding to the packages under plist-dir to figure out current pkgnames, and annotate those with a ‘!’ in the report.
Dependency not found zarafa-webaccess-7.1.11p2 Dependency not found kwebkitpart-1.2p3 [...] Common dirs: !claws-mail-gdata-3.11.1p1-ldap(mail/claws-mail,-gdata,ldap): /usr/local/lib/claws-mail !claws-mail-pdfviewer-3.11.1p1-ldap(mail/claws-mail,-pdfviewer,ldap): /usr/local/lib/claws-mail [...] Conflicts: !arm-none-eabi-gdb-7.9.1(devel/arm-none-eabi/gdb),!gdb-7.9.1(devel/gdb) /usr/local/include/gdb/jit-reader.h /usr/local/share/gdb/system-gdbinit/elinos.py /usr/local/share/gdb/system-gdbinit/wrs-linux.py !libnet-1.0.2ap0v0(net/libnet/1.0),libnet-1.0.2ap2(net/libnet/1.0),libnet-1.0.2av0(net/libnet/1.0) /usr/local/bin/libnet-config-1.0 /usr/local/include/libnet-1.0/libnet.h /usr/local/include/libnet-1.0/libnet/libnet-asn1.h /usr/local/include/libnet-1.0/libnet/libnet-functions.h /usr/local/include/libnet-1.0/libnet/libnet-headers.h /usr/local/include/libnet-1.0/libnet/libnet-macros.h /usr/local/include/libnet-1.0/libnet/libnet-ospf.h /usr/local/include/libnet-1.0/libnet/libnet-structures.h /usr/local/lib/libnet-1.0/libnet.a /usr/local/lib/libnet-1.0/libnet.so.0.0 /usr/local/lib/libnet-1.0/libpwrite.a /usr/local/lib/libnet.so.0.0 /usr/local/man/cat3/libnet.0 [...] zathura-pdf-mupdf-0.2.7(textproc/zathura/plugins/mupdf),zathura-pdf-poppler-0.2.5(textproc/zathura/plugins/poppler) /usr/local/lib/zathura/pdf.so
- Dependency not found: means some package names could not be found. Most often happens because of panic issues, and fsck not recovering some dependency files.
- claws-mail directory: missing directory registration.
pkg_check-problemscould not find a common ancestor to claws-mail-gdata and claws-mail-pdfviewer, so it should be added to both.
- Conflict between arm-non-eabi-gdb and gdb: note that both packages are current. Two choices: either remove the offending files from one package (might break the other), or mark an explicit conflict between the packages (will prevent people from installing both at the same time).
- Conflict between libnet-...v0 and libnet: Note that only the v0 version is
current. People forgot to augment the
@option no-default-conflictwith conflicts against the old version when bumping the EPOCH.
pkg_add(1), pkg_create(1), bsd.port.mk(5), packages-specs(7)