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WHO(1) General Commands Manual WHO(1)

whodisplay who is logged in

who [-HmqTu] [file]

who am i

The who utility displays a list of all users currently logged on, showing for each user the login name, tty name, the date and time of login, and hostname if not local.

The options are as follows:

Write column headings above the regular output.
Only print information about the current terminal. This is the POSIX way of saying who am i.
(Quick.) List only the names and the number of users currently logged on. When this option is used, all other options are ignored.
Print a character after the user name indicating the state of the terminal line: ‘+’ if the terminal is writable; ‘-’ if it is not; and ‘?’ if a bad line is encountered.
Print the idle time for each user.
Returns the invoker's real user name.
By default, who gathers information from the file /var/run/utmp. An alternate file may be specified which is usually /var/log/wtmp (or /var/log/wtmp.[0-6] depending on site policy as wtmp can grow quite large and daily versions may or may not be kept around after compression by ac(8)). The wtmp file contains a record of every login, logout, crash, shutdown and date change since wtmp was last truncated or created.

If /var/log/wtmp is being used as the file, the user name may be empty or one of the special characters ‘|’, ‘}’, and ‘~’. Logouts produce an output line without any user name. For more information on the special characters, see utmp(5).


The who utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.

last(1), mesg(1), users(1), w(1), getuid(2), utmp(5)

The who utility is compliant with the IEEE Std 1003.1-2008 (“POSIX.1”) specification.

The flags [-abdHlpqrst] are marked by IEEE Std 1003.1-2008 (“POSIX.1”) as being an X/Open System Interfaces option. Of these, [-abdlprst] are not supported by this implementation of who.

A who utility appeared in Version 1 AT&T UNIX.

June 19, 2017 OpenBSD-6.3