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RX(4) Device Drivers Manual (vax) RX(4)

rxDEC RX02 floppy disk interface

rx* at mscpbus? drive?

The rx device provides access to a DEC RX02 floppy disk unit with M8256 interface module (RX211 configuration). The RX02 uses 8-inch, single-sided, soft-sectored floppy disks (with pre-formatted industry-standard headers) in either single or double density.

Floppy disks handled by the RX02 contain 77 tracks, each with 26 sectors (for a total of 2,002 sectors). The sector size is 128 bytes for single density, 256 bytes for double density. Single density disks are compatible with the RX01 floppy disk unit and with IBM 3740 Series Diskette 1 systems.

In addition to normal (`block' and `raw') I/O, the driver supports formatting of disks for either density and the ability to invoke a 2 for 1 interleaved sector mapping compatible with the DEC operating system RT-11.

The minor device number is interpreted as follows:

0 Sector interleaving (1 disables interleaving)
1 Logical sector 1 is on track 1 (0 no, 1 yes)
2 Not used, reserved
Other Drive number

The two drives in a single RX02 unit are treated as two disks attached to a single controller. Thus, if there are two RX02's on a system, the drives on the first RX02 are “rx0” and “rx1”, while the drives on the second are “rx2” and “rx3”.

When the device is opened, the density of the disk currently in the drive is automatically determined. If there is no floppy in the device, open will fail.

Even though the storage capacity on a floppy disk is quite small, it is possible to make filesystems on double density disks. For example, the following command makes a file system on the double density disk in rx0 with 436 kbytes available for file storage:

# newfs /dev/rrx0c -s 1001 -b 4096 -f 512 -c 32 -m 0

Using tar(1) gives a more efficient utilization of the available space for file storage. Single density diskettes do not provide sufficient storage capacity to hold file systems.


rx0: hard error, trk N psec N cs=..., db=..., err=X, X, X, X.
An unrecoverable error was encountered. The track and physical sector numbers, the device registers and the extended error status are displayed.
rx0: state N (reset).
The driver entered a bogus state. This should not happen.

The following errors may be returned by the driver:

Drive not ready; usually because no disk is in the drive or the drive door is open.
Nonexistent drive (on open); offset is too large or not on a sector boundary or byte count is not a multiple of the sector size (on read or write); or bad (undefined) ioctl code.
A physical error other than ``not ready'', probably bad media or unknown format.
Drive has been opened for exclusive access.
No write access (on format), or wrong density; the latter can only happen if the disk is changed without the device (i.e., calling close(2)).

intro(4), mscpbus(4), newfs(8)

The rx driver appeared in 4.2BSD.

A floppy may not be formatted if the header info on sector 1, track 0 has been damaged. Hence, it is not possible to format completely degaussed disks or disks with other formats than the two known by the hardware.

If the drive subsystem is powered down when the machine is booted, the controller won't interrupt.

June 2, 2013 OpenBSD-5.5