|MOUNT(8)||System Manager's Manual||MOUNT(8)|
mount — mount file
mount command invokes a file system
specific program to prepare and graft the special
device or remote node (rhost:path) on to the file system tree at the point
node. If either special or
node are not provided, the appropriate information is
taken from the fstab(5)
For disk partitions, the special device is either a disklabel(8) UID (DUID) or an entry in /dev. If it is a DUID, it will be automatically mapped to the appropriate entry in /dev. In either case the partition must be present in the disklabel loaded from the device. The partition name is the last letter in the entry name. For example, /dev/sd0a and 3eb7f9da875cb9ee.a both refer to the ‘a’ partition.
A mount point node must be an existing directory for a mount to succeed (except in the special case of /, of course). Only the superuser may mount file systems unless kern.usermount is nonzero (see sysctl(8)), the special device is readable and writeable by the user attempting the mount, and the mount point node is owned by the user attempting the mount.
The system maintains a list of currently mounted file systems. If
no arguments are given to
mount, this list is
The options are as follows:
mountto try to mount all of the file systems listed in the fstab(5) table except those for which the “noauto” option is specified.
-Aflag, except that if a file system (other than the root file system) appears to be already mounted,
mountwill not try to mount it again.
mountassumes that a file system is already mounted if a file system with the same type is mounted on the given mount point. More stringent checks are not possible because some file system types report strange values for the mounted-from device for mounted file systems.
-vflag to determine what the
mountcommand is trying to do.
This is a dangerous flag to set since it does not guarantee to keep a consistent file system structure on the disk. You should not use this flag unless you are prepared to recreate the file system should your system crash. The most common use of this flag is to speed up restore(8) where it can give a factor of two speed increase.
softdep are mutually exclusive.
-f; forces the revocation of write access when trying to downgrade a file system mount status from read-write to read-only.
-r; mount the file system read-only (even the superuser may not write it).
-uflag and a file system is already mounted read/write.
softdep are mutually exclusive.
-u; indicate that the status of an already mounted file system should be changed.
Any additional options specific to a given file system type
-t option) may be passed as a comma
separated list; these options are distinguished by a leading
“-” (dash). Options that take a value are specified using
the syntax -option=value. For example:
# mount -t mfs -o rw,nodev,nosuid,-s=153600 /dev/sd0b /tmp
mount to execute the
# /sbin/mount_mfs -o rw,nodev,nosuid -s 153600 /dev/sd0b /tmp
The equivalent example in fstab(5) would be:
swap /tmp mfs rw,nodev,nosuid,-s=153600 0 0
-aflag for a description of the criteria used to decide if a file system is already mounted.
-tis used to indicate the file system type. The type ffs is the default. The
-toption can be used to indicate that the actions should only be taken on file systems of the specified type. More than one type may be specified in a comma separated list. The list of file system types can be prefixed with “no” to specify the file system types for which action should not be taken. For example, the
# mount -a -t nonfs,mfs
mounts all file systems except those of type NFS and MFS .
mount will attempt to execute a
program in /sbin/mount_XXX
where XXX is replaced by the type name. For example,
NFS file systems are mounted by the program
-uflag indicates that the status of an already mounted file system should be changed. Any of the options discussed above (the
-ooption) may be changed; also a file system can be changed from read-only to read-write or vice versa. An attempt to change from read-write to read-only will fail if any files on the file system are currently open for writing unless the
-fflag is also specified. Only options specified on the command line with
-oare changed; other file system options are unaltered. The options set in the fstab(5) table are ignored.
The options specific to the various file system types are
described in the manual pages for those file systems'
mount_XXX commands. For instance, the options
specific to Berkeley Fast File Systems are described in the
Mount a CD-ROM on node /mnt/cdrom:
# mount -t cd9660 -r /dev/cd0a /mnt/cdrom
Mount an MS-DOS USB stick with DUID 3eb7f9da875cb9ee on node /mnt/key:
# mount -t msdos 3eb7f9da875cb9ee.i /mnt/key
Graft a remote NFS file system on host host, path /path/name, on node /mnt/nfs:
# mount host:/path/name /mnt/nfs
Remount /var with option “dev”:
# mount -u -o dev /var
mount(2), fstab(5), disklabel(8), mount_cd9660(8), mount_ext2fs(8), mount_ffs(8), mount_mfs(8), mount_msdos(8), mount_nfs(8), mount_ntfs(8), mount_procfs(8), mount_tmpfs(8), mount_udf(8), mount_vnd(8), sysctl(8), umount(8)
mount command appeared in
Version 3 AT&T UNIX.
After a successful
mount, the permissions
on the original mount point determine if “..” is accessible
from the mounted file system. The minimum permissions for the mount point
for traversal across the mount point in both directions to be possible for
all users is 0111 (execute for all).
|December 17, 2013||OpenBSD-5.5|