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CMS_VERIFY(3) Library Functions Manual CMS_VERIFY(3)

CMS_verify, CMS_get0_signersverify a CMS SignedData structure

#include <openssl/cms.h>

CMS_verify(CMS_ContentInfo *cms, STACK_OF(X509) *certs, X509_STORE *store, BIO *indata, BIO *out, unsigned int flags);

STACK_OF(X509) *
CMS_get0_signers(CMS_ContentInfo *cms);

() verifies the CMS SignedData structure cms. certs is a set of certificates in which to search for the signing certificate(s). store is a trusted certificate store used for chain verification. indata is the detached content if the content is not present in cms. The content is written to out if it is not NULL.

() retrieves the signing certificate(s) from cms. It may only be called after a successful CMS_verify() operation. The signers must be freed with ().

Normally the verify process proceeds as follows.

Initially some sanity checks are performed on cms. There must be at least one signature on the data. If the content is detached, indata cannot be NULL.

An attempt is made to locate all the signing certificate(s), first looking in the certs parameter (if it is not NULL) and then looking in any certificates contained in the cms structure itself. If any signing certificate cannot be located, the operation fails.

Each signing certificate is chain verified using the purpose and the supplied trusted certificate store. Any internal certificates in the message are used as untrusted CAs. If CRL checking is enabled in store, any internal CRLs are used in addition to attempting to look them up in store. If any chain verify fails, an error code is returned.

Finally the signed content is read (and written to out if it is not NULL) and the signature is checked.

If all signatures verify correctly, then the function is successful.

Any of the following flags (OR'ed together) can be passed to change the default verify behaviour:

Do not use the certificates in the message itself when locating the signing certificate(s). This means that all the signing certificates must be in the certs parameter.
If CRL checking is enabled in store, then any CRLs in the message itself are ignored.
MIME headers for type text/plain are deleted from the content. If the content is not of type text/plain, an error is returned.
Do not verify signing certificates.
Do not check the signed attributes signature.
Do not check the content digest.

One application of CMS_NOINTERN is to only accept messages signed by a small number of certificates. The acceptable certificates would be passed in the certs parameter. In this case, if the signer is not one of the certificates supplied in certs, then the verify will fail because the signer cannot be found.

In some cases the standard techniques for looking up and validating certificates are not appropriate: for example an application may wish to lookup certificates in a database or perform customised verification. This can be achieved by setting and verifying the signers certificates manually using the signed data utility functions.

Care should be taken when modifying the default verify behaviour, for example setting CMS_NO_CONTENT_VERIFY will totally disable all content verification and any modified content will be considered valid. This combination is however useful if one merely wishes to write the content to out and its validity is not considered important.

Chain verification should arguably be performed using the signing time rather than the current time. However since the signing time is supplied by the signer it cannot be trusted without additional evidence (such as a trusted timestamp).

CMS_verify() returns 1 for a successful verification or 0 if an error occurred.

CMS_get0_signers() returns all signers or NULL if an error occurred. The signers must be freed with sk_X509_free().

The error can be obtained from ERR_get_error(3).

CMS_ContentInfo_new(3), CMS_get0_SignerInfos(3), CMS_sign(3), CMS_verify_receipt(3)

RFC 5652: Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS), section 5.1: SignedData Type

RFC 8419: Use of Edwards-Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (EdDSA) Signatures in the Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)

These functions first appeared in OpenSSL 0.9.8h and have been available since OpenBSD 6.7.

The trusted certificate store is not searched for the signing certificate. This is primarily due to the inadequacies of the current X509_STORE functionality.

The lack of single pass processing means that the signed content must all be held in memory if it is not detached.

March 29, 2024 OpenBSD-current