create a CMS SignedData
EVP_PKEY *pkey, STACK_OF(X509)
*certs, BIO *data, unsigned int
creates and returns a CMS SignedData structure.
signcert is the certificate to sign with,
pkey is the corresponding private key.
certs is an optional additional set of certificates to
include in the CMS structure (for example any intermediate CAs in the
chain). Any or all of these parameters can be
The data to be signed is read from data.
Any of the following flags (OR'ed together) can be passed in the flags argument:
- Prepend MIME headers for the type text/plain to the data. Many S/MIME clients expect the signed content to include valid MIME headers.
- Do not include the signer's certificate in the CMS_ContentInfo structure. The signer's certificate must still be supplied in the signcert parameter though. This can reduce the size of the signature if the signer's certificate can be obtained by other means, for example from a previously signed message.
- Omit the data being signed from the CMS_ContentInfo structure. This is used for CMS_ContentInfo detached signatures which are used in S/MIME plaintext signed messages for example.
- Do not translate the supplied content into MIME canonical format even though that is required by the S/MIME specifications. This option should be used if the supplied data is in binary format. Otherwise the translation will corrupt it.
- Do not add any SignedAttributes. By default, the signerInfos field includes several CMS SignedAttributes including the signing time, the CMS content type, and the supported list of ciphers in an SMIMECapabilities attribute.
- Omit just the SMIMECapabilities. If present, the SMIMECapabilities attribute indicates support for the following algorithms in preference order: 256-bit AES, Gost R3411-94, Gost 28147-89, 192-bit AES, 128-bit AES, triple DES, 128-bit RC2, 64-bit RC2, DES and 40-bit RC2. If any of these algorithms is not available, then it will not be included.
- Use the subject key identifier value to identify signing certificates. An error occurs if the signing certificate does not have a subject key identifier extension. By default, issuer name and serial number are used instead.
- Only initialize the returned CMS_ContentInfo structure to prepare it for performing the signing operation. The signing is however not performed and the data to be signed is not read from the data parameter. Signing is deferred until after the data has been written. In this way, data can be signed in a single pass. The returned CMS_ContentInfo structure is not complete and outputting its contents via a function that does not properly finalize the CMS_ContentInfo structure will give unpredictable results. Several functions including SMIME_write_CMS(3), i2d_CMS_bio_stream(3), or PEM_write_bio_CMS_stream(3) finalize the structure. Alternatively, finalization can be performed by obtaining the streaming ASN1 BIO directly using BIO_new_CMS(3).
- Output a partial CMS_ContentInfo structure to which additional signers and capabilities can be added before finalization.
If a signer is specified, it will use the default digest for the signing algorithm. This is SHA1 for both RSA and DSA keys.
If signcert and pkey
NULL, then a certificates only CMS structure is
is a basic CMS signing function whose output will be suitable for many
purposes. For finer control of the output format the
certs, signcert and
pkey parameters can all be
NULL and the
flag set. Then one or more signers can be added using the function
CMS_add1_signer(3), non default digests can be used and custom
attributes added. CMS_final(3) must then be called to finalize the structure if
streaming is not enabled.
CMS_sign() returns either a valid
CMS_ContentInfo structure or
NULL if an error occurred. The error can be obtained
CMS_add0_cert(3), CMS_add1_signer(3), CMS_ContentInfo_new(3), CMS_final(3), CMS_sign_receipt(3), CMS_verify(3)
RFC 5652: Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)
- section 5.1: SignedData Type
- section 5.3: SignerInfo Type
RFC 8551: Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (S/MIME) Version 4.0 Message Specification, section 2.5.2: SMIMECapabilities Attribute
CMS_sign() first appeared in OpenSSL
0.9.8h and has been available since OpenBSD 6.7.
Some attributes such as counter signatures are not supported.