[OpenBSD]

Manual Page Search Parameters

SYSTAT(1) General Commands Manual SYSTAT(1)

NAME

systatdisplay system statistics

SYNOPSIS

systat [-aBbiNn] [-d count] [-s delay] [-w width] [view] [delay]

DESCRIPTION

systat displays various system statistics in a screen-oriented fashion using the curses(3) screen display library.
While systat is running, the screen is divided into different areas. The top line displays the current number of users, the three system load average figures over the last 1, 5, and 15 minute intervals, and the system time. The bottom line of the screen is reserved for user input and error messages. The information displayed in the rest of the screen comprises a view, and is the main interface for displaying different types of system statistics. The vmstat view is the default.
Certain information may be discarded when the screen size is insufficient for display. For example, on a machine with 10 drives the iostat bar graph displays only 3 drives on a 24 line terminal.
The options are as follows:
 
 
-a
Display all lines.
 
 
-B
Raw, non-interactive mode. The default is to exit after two screen updates, with statistics only ever displayed once. Useful for views such as cpu, where initial calculations are useless.
 
 
-b
Raw, non-interactive mode. The default is to exit after one screen update, with statistics displayed every update.
 
 
-d count
Exit after count screen updates.
 
 
-i
Interactive mode.
 
 
-N
Resolve network addresses to names. This is the opposite of the -n option.
 
 
-n
Do not try to reverse map IP addresses. This is the default.
 
 
-s delay
Specifies the screen refresh time interval in seconds. This option is overridden by the final delay argument, if given. The default interval is 5 seconds.
 
 
-w width
Specifies the maximum width of the output in raw, non-interactive mode.
 
 
view
The view argument expects to be one of: vmstat, pigs, ifstat, iostat, sensors, mbufs, netstat, swap, states, rules, queues, pf, pool, pcache, malloc, buckets, nfsclient, nfsserver, or cpu. These displays can also be requested interactively and are described in full detail below. view may be abbreviated to the minimum unambiguous prefix; for example, “io” for “iostat”.
 
 
delay
The delay argument specifies the screen refresh time interval in seconds. This is provided for backwards compatibility, and overrides any interval specified with the -s flag. The default interval is 5 seconds.
Certain characters cause immediate action by systat. These are:
 
 
:
Move the cursor to the command line and interpret the input line typed as a command. While entering a command the current character erase, word erase, and line kill characters may be used.
 
 
o
Select the next ordering which sorts the rows according to a combination of columns. Available orderings depend on the view. Not all views support orderings.
 
 
p
Pause systat.
 
 
q
Quit systat.
 
 
r
Reverse the selected ordering if supported by the view.
 
 
,
Print numbers with thousand separators, where applicable.
 
 
^A | ⟨Home
Jump to the beginning of the current view.
 
 
^B | ⟨right arrow
Select the previous view.
 
 
^E | ⟨End
Jump to the end of the current view.
 
 
^F | ⟨left arrow
Select the next view.
 
 
^G
Print the name of the current view being shown and the refresh interval.
 
 
^L
Refresh the screen.
 
 
^N | ⟨down arrow
Scroll current view down by one line.
 
 
^P | ⟨up arrow
Scroll current view up by one line.
 
 
^V | ⟨Page Down
Scroll current view down by one page.
 
 
Alt-V | ⟨Page Up
Scroll current view up by one page.
 
 
^Z
Suspend systat.
The following commands are interpreted by the “global” command interpreter.
 
 
help
Print the names of the available views on the command line.
 
 
quit
Quit systat. (This may be abbreviated to q.)
 
 
stop
Stop refreshing the screen.
 
 
[start] [number]
Start (continue) refreshing the screen. If a second, numeric, argument is provided it is interpreted as a refresh interval (in seconds). Supplying only a number will set the refresh interval to this value.
view may be abbreviated to the minimum unambiguous prefix. The available views are:
 
 
buckets
Display kernel malloc(9) bucket statistics similar to the output of vmstat -m.
 
 
cpu
Display information about the average usage of each CPU, similar to the output provided by top(1).
 
 
ifstat
Display interface statistics. The “State” column has the format up|dn[:U|D]. ‘up’ and ‘dn’ represent whether the interface is up or down. ‘U’ and ‘D’ represent whether the interface is connected or not; in the case of carp(4) interfaces, whether the interface is in master or backup state, respectively.
The character B changes the counter view between bytes and bits. Pressing b displays statistics as calculated from boot time. r changes the counters to show their totals as calculated between display refreshes. t changes the counters to show the average per second over the display refresh interval; this is the default.
 
 
iostat
Display statistics about disk throughput. Statistics on disk throughput show, for each drive, data transferred in kilobytes, number of disk transactions performed, and time spent in disk accesses (in fractions of a second).
 
 
malloc
Display kernel malloc(9) type statistics similar to the output of vmstat -m. Available orderings are: name, inuse, memuse, and requests.
 
 
mbufs
Display mbuf usage information from kernel pools and mbuf cluster pool statistics of each network interface.
 
 
netstat
Display network connections. Each address is displayed numerically in the format “host:port”. By default, network servers awaiting requests are not displayed. It is also possible to have addresses displayed symbolically, when possible, and limit the display to a set of protocols (the minimum unambiguous prefix may be supplied):
 
 
all
Toggle the displaying of server processes awaiting requests (this is the equivalent of the -a flag to netstat(1)).
 
 
names
Display network addresses symbolically.
 
 
numbers
Display network addresses numerically.
 
 
reset
Reset matching mechanisms to the default.
 
 
tcp | udp | other
Display only network connections using the indicated protocol.
 
 
nfsclient
Display statistics about NFS client activity. Output resembles nfsstat -c.
 
 
nfsserver
Display statistics about NFS server activity. Output resembles nfsstat -s.
 
 
pf
Display filter information about pf(4), similar to the output of pfctl -s info option.
 
 
pigs
Display those processes resident in main memory and getting the largest portion of the processor. When less than 100% of the processor is scheduled to user processes, the remaining time is accounted to the “idle” process.
 
 
pool
Display kernel pool(9) statistics similar to the output of vmstat -m. Available orderings are: name, requests, size, and number of pages.
By default only the statistics of active pools are displayed but pressing A changes the view to show all of them.
 
 
pcache
Display kernel pool(9) per CPU cache statistics.
 
 
queues
Display statistics about the active queues, similar to the output of pfctl -s queue.
 
 
rules
Display pf rules statistics, similar to the output of pfctl -s rules.
 
 
sensors
Display the current values of available hardware sensors, in a format similar to that of sysctl(8).
 
 
states
Display pf states statistics, similar to the output of pfctl -s states. Available orderings are: none, bytes, expiry, packets, age, source address, source port, destination address, destination port, rate, and peak columns.
 
 
swap
Show information about swap space usage on all the swap areas compiled into the kernel. The first column is the device name of the partition. The next column is the total space available in the partition. The Used column indicates the total blocks used so far; the graph shows the percentage of space in use on each partition. If there is more than one swap partition in use, a total line is also shown. Areas known to the kernel but not in use are shown as not available.
 
 
vmstat
Take over the entire display and show a (rather crowded) compendium of statistics related to virtual memory usage, process scheduling, device interrupts, system name translation caching, disk I/O, etc. This view is the default.
Below the top line are statistics on memory utilization. The first row of the table reports memory usage only among active processes, that is, processes that have run in the previous twenty seconds. The second row reports on memory usage of all processes. The first column reports on the amount of physical memory claimed by processes. The second column reports the same figure for virtual memory, that is, the amount of memory that would be needed if all processes were resident at the same time. Finally, the last column shows the amount of physical memory on the free list.
Below the memory display is a list of the average number of processes (over the last refresh interval) that are runnable (‘r’), in disk wait other than paging (‘d’), sleeping (‘s’), and swapped out but desiring to run (‘w’). Below the queue length listing is a numerical listing and a bar graph showing the amount of interrupt (shown as ‘|’), system (shown as ‘=’), user (shown as ‘>’), nice (shown as ‘-’), and idle time (shown as ‘ ’).
To the right of the Proc display are statistics about Context switches (“Csw”), Traps (“Trp”), Syscalls (“Sys”), Interrupts (“Int”), Soft interrupts (“Sof”), and Faults (“Flt”) which have occurred during the last refresh interval.
Below the CPU usage graph are statistics on name translations. It lists the number of names translated in the previous interval, the number and percentage of the translations that were handled by the system wide name translation cache, and the number and percentage of the translations that were handled by the per process name translation cache.
At the bottom left is the disk usage display. It reports the number of seeks, transfers, number of kilobyte blocks transferred per second averaged over the refresh period of the display, and the time spent in disk accesses.
Under the date in the upper right hand quadrant are statistics on paging and swapping activity. The first two columns report the average number of pages brought in and out per second over the last refresh interval due to page faults and the paging daemon. The third and fourth columns report the average number of pages brought in and out per second over the last refresh interval due to swap requests initiated by the scheduler. The first row of the display shows the average number of disk transfers per second over the last refresh interval. The second row of the display shows the average number of pages transferred per second over the last refresh interval.
Running down the right hand side of the display is a breakdown of the interrupts being handled by the system. At the top of the list is the total interrupts per second over the time interval. The rest of the column breaks down the total on a device by device basis. Only devices that have interrupted at least once since boot time are shown.
Below the Interrupts display are the average number of input and output packets per second for all interfaces over the last refresh interval.
Below the SWAPPING display and slightly to the left of the Interrupts display is a list of virtual memory statistics. The abbreviations are:
forks
process forks
fkppw
forks where parent waits
fksvm
forks where vmspace is shared
pwait
fault had to wait on a page
relck
fault relock called
rlkok
fault relock is successful
noram
faults out of ram
ndcpy
number of times fault clears "need copy"
fltcp
number of times fault promotes with copy
zfod
fault promotes with zerofill
cow
number of times fault anon cow
fmin
min number of free pages
ftarg
target number of free pages
itarg
target number of inactive pages
wired
wired pages
pdfre
pages daemon freed since boot
pdscn
pages daemon scanned since boot
pzidle
number of zeroed pages
kmapent
number of kernel map entries

FILES

/etc/hosts
Host names.
/etc/pf.conf
pf(4) configuration.
/etc/services
Port names.

SEE ALSO

fstat(1), kill(1), netstat(1), nfsstat(1), ps(1), top(1), iostat(8), pfctl(8), pstat(8), renice(8), sysctl(8), vmstat(8)

HISTORY

The systat program first appeared in 4.3BSD.

BUGS

Certain displays presume a minimum of 80 characters per line. The vmstat display looks out of place because it is (it was added in as a separate display rather than created as a new program).
June 15, 2017 OpenBSD-current