const BIO_METHOD *
BUF_MEM *bm, int c);
BIO_new_mem_buf(const void *buf,
returns the memory BIO method function.
A memory BIO is a source/sink BIO which uses memory for its I/O. Data written to a memory BIO is stored in a BUF_MEM structure which is extended as appropriate to accommodate the stored data.
Any data written to a memory BIO can be recalled by reading from
it. Unless the memory BIO is read only, any data read from it is deleted
from the BIO. To find out whether a memory BIO is read only,
BIO_test_flags(3) can be called with an argument of
Memory BIOs support BIO_gets(3) and BIO_puts(3).
BIO_CLOSE flag is set when a memory
BIO is freed, the underlying
BUF_MEM structure is
Calling BIO_reset(3) on a read/write memory BIO clears any data in it. On a read only BIO it restores the BIO to its original state and the read only data can be read again.
BIO_eof(3) is true if no data is in the BIO.
BIO_ctrl_pending(3) returns the number of bytes currently stored.
sets the behaviour of memory BIO b when it is empty.
If v is zero, then an empty memory BIO will return
EOF: it will return zero and
will be false. If v is non-zero then it will return
v when it is empty and it will set the read retry
is true. To avoid ambiguity with a normal positive return value
v should be set to a negative value, typically -1.
sets *pp to a pointer to the start of the memory BIO's
data and returns the total amount of data available. It is implemented as a
sets the internal BUF_MEM structure to bm and sets the
close flag to c. That is, c
should be either
BIO_set_mem_buf() is a macro.
places the underlying BUF_MEM structure in
*pp. It is a macro.
creates a memory BIO using len bytes of data at
buf. If len is -1, then
buf is assumed to be NUL terminated and its length is
determined by strlen(3). The BIO is set to a read only state and as a result cannot
be written to. This is useful when some data needs to be made available from
a static area of memory in the form of a BIO. The supplied data is read
directly from the supplied buffer: it is
first, so the supplied area of memory must be unchanged until the BIO is
Writes to memory BIOs will always succeed if memory is available: their size can grow indefinitely.
BIO_ctrl(3) cmd arguments correspond to macros as follows:
|cmd constant||corresponding macro|
BIO_s_mem() returns a pointer to a static
When called on a memory BIO object,
BIO_method_type(3) returns the constant
BIO_method_name(3) returns a pointer to the static string
BIO_get_mem_ptr() return 1 on success or a value
less than or equal to 0 if an error occurred.
BIO_new_mem_buf() returns a newly
allocated BIO object on success or
NULL on error.
Create a memory BIO and write some data to it:
BIO *mem = BIO_new(BIO_s_mem()); BIO_puts(mem, "Hello World\n");
Create a read only memory BIO:
char data = "Hello World"; BIO *mem; mem = BIO_new_mem_buf(data, -1);
Extract the BUF_MEM structure from a memory BIO and then free up the BIO:
BUF_MEM *bptr; BIO_get_mem_ptr(mem, &bptr); /* Make sure BIO_free() leaves BUF_MEM alone. */ BIO_set_close(mem, BIO_NOCLOSE); BIO_free(mem);
BIO_s_mem() first appeared in SSLeay
BIO_get_mem_ptr() first appeared in SSLeay 0.6.5.
These functions have been available since OpenBSD
BIO_get_mem_data() first appeared in SSLeay 0.9.1
and have been available since OpenBSD 2.6.
BIO_new_mem_buf() first appeared in
OpenSSL 0.9.5 and has been available since OpenBSD
Do not manually switch a writable memory BIO to read-only mode:
calling BIO_set_flags(3) with an argument of
BIO_FLAGS_MEM_RDONLY will ultimately result in a
memory leak when the BIO object is finally handed to
BIO_free(3). It might also cause security issues because it prevents
BIO_reset(3) from clearing the data.
There should be an option to set the maximum size of a memory BIO.
There should be a way to "rewind" a read/write BIO without destroying its contents.