user management tools configuration file
file defines the default values
used by the user management tools,
Options in this file can be set by manually editing
or using the
- Sets the base directory name, in which new users' home
directories are created when using the -m
option to useradd(8).
- Sets the default login class for new users. See
login.conf(5) for more
information on user login classes.
- Sets the default time at which the new accounts expire.
Both the expire and
inactive fields should be entered in the
form “month day year”, where month is the month name (the
first three characters are sufficient), day is the day of the month, and
year is the year. Time in seconds since the Epoch (UTC) is also valid. A
value of 0 can be used to disable this feature.
- Sets the default primary group for new users. If this is
the special string =uid, a group is created
with the same numeric ID as the UID; if such a group already exists a
warning is given and no group is created. It has the format:
- Sets the default time at which the passwords of new
accounts expire. A value of 0 can be used to disable this feature. Also
see the expire field.
- Specifies a default password encrypted with
- If this value is one of
yes’, or a non-zero number, then
the user login information will be preserved when removing a user with
- Specifies the UID boundaries for new users. If unspecified,
the default is “1000..60000”. It has the format:
- Sets the default login shell for new users.
- Sets the default skeleton directory in which to find files
with which to populate the new user's home directory.
Other implementations of the user(8)
utilities use the inactive-time
refer to the maximum number of days allowed between logins (this is used to
lock "stale" accounts that have not been used for a period of time).
However, on OpenBSD
systems this parameter refers
instead to the password change time. This is due to differences in the
database compared to
other operating systems.
configuration file first appeared
in OpenBSD 2.7