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TLS_INIT(3) Library Functions Manual TLS_INIT(3)

tls_init, tls_config_new, tls_config_free, tls_config_errorinitialize TLS client and server API

#include <tls.h>


struct tls_config *

tls_config_free(struct tls_config *config);

const char *
tls_config_error(struct tls_config *config);

The tls family of functions establishes a secure communications channel using the TLS socket protocol. Both clients and servers are supported.

The () function initializes global data structures. It is no longer necessary to call this function directly, since it is invoked internally when needed. It may be called more than once, and may be called concurrently.

Before a connection is created, a configuration must be created. The () function allocates, initializes, and returns a new default configuration object that can be used for future connections. Several functions exist to change the options of the configuration; see tls_config_set_protocols(3), tls_load_file(3), tls_config_ocsp_require_stapling(3), and tls_config_verify(3).

The () function may be used to retrieve a string containing more information about the most recent error relating to a configuration.

A TLS connection object is created by tls_client(3) or tls_server(3) and configured with tls_configure(3).

A client connection is initiated after configuration by calling tls_connect(3). A server can accept a new client connection by calling tls_accept_socket(3) on an already established socket connection.

Two functions are provided for input and output, tls_read(3) and tls_write(3). Both automatically perform the tls_handshake(3) when needed.

The properties of established TLS connections can be inspected with the functions described in tls_conn_version(3) and tls_ocsp_process_response(3).

After use, a TLS connection should be closed with tls_close(3) and then freed by calling tls_free(3).

When no more contexts are to be configured, the configuration object should be freed by calling (). It is safe to call tls_config_free() as soon as the final call to () has been made. If config is NULL, no action occurs.

tls_init() returns 0 on success or -1 on error.

tls_config_new() returns NULL on error or an out of memory condition.

tls_config_error() returns NULL if no error occurred with config at all, or if memory allocation failed while trying to assemble the string describing the most recent error related to config.

tls_accept_socket(3), tls_client(3), tls_config_ocsp_require_stapling(3), tls_config_set_protocols(3), tls_config_verify(3), tls_conn_version(3), tls_connect(3), tls_load_file(3), tls_ocsp_process_response(3), tls_read(3)

The tls API first appeared in OpenBSD 5.6 as a response to the unnecessary challenges other APIs present in order to use them safely.

All functions were renamed from ressl_*() to tls_*() for OpenBSD 5.7.

tls_config_error() appeared in OpenBSD 6.0.

Joel Sing <>
Ted Unangst <>

Many others contributed to various parts of the library; see the individual manual pages for more information.

The function tls_config_error() returns an internal pointer. It must not be freed by the application, or a double free error will occur. The pointer will become invalid when the next error occurs with config. Consequently, if the application may need the message at a later time, it has to copy the string before calling the next function involving config, or a segmentation fault or read access to unintended data is the likely result.

July 9, 2018 OpenBSD-current