SCSI disk driver
sd* at scsibus?
#sd0 at scsibus0 target 3 lun 0 (fixed-configuration
sd driver provides support for a SCSI
disk. It allows the disk to be divided up into a set of pseudo devices
In general the interfaces are similar to those described by
SCSI devices have a fairly high level interface to the system and talk to it via a SCSI host adapter (e.g., ahc(4)). A SCSI adapter must also be separately configured into the system before a SCSI disk can be configured.
When the SCSI adapter is probed during boot, the SCSI
bus is scanned for devices. Any devices found which answer as
type devices will be attached to the
On many systems disklabel(8) is used to partition the drive into filesystems. On some systems the OpenBSD portion of the disk resides within a native partition, and another program is used to create the OpenBSD portion.
For example, the i386 port uses fdisk(8) to partition the disk into a BIOS level partition. This allows sharing the disk with other operating systems.
The following ioctl(2) calls apply to SCSI disks as well as to other disks.
They are defined in the header file
DIOCGDINFOstruct disklabel *
- Read, from the kernel, the in-core copy of the disklabel for the drive. This may be a fictitious disklabel if the drive has never been initialized, in which case it will contain information read from the SCSI inquiry commands.
DIOCSDINFOstruct disklabel *
- Give the driver a new disklabel to use. The driver will not write the new disklabel to the disk.
DIOCWDINFOstruct disklabel *
- Give the driver a new disklabel to use. The driver will write the new disklabel to the disk.
- Lock the media cartridge into the device, or unlock a cartridge previously locked. Used to prevent user and software eject while the media is in use.
- Eject the media cartridge from a removable device.
DIOCINQstruct dk_inquiry *
- Read the devices product information.
In addition, the
commands may be used with the
sd driver, but only
against the ‘
c’ (whole disk)
If a removable device is attached to the
sd driver, then the act of changing the media will
invalidate the disklabel and information held within the kernel. To avoid
corruption, all access to the device will be discarded until there are no
more open file descriptors referencing the device. During this period, all
new open attempts will be rejected. When no more open file descriptors
reference the device, the first next open will load a new set of parameters
(including disklabel) for the drive.
- block mode SCSI disk unit u, partition p
- raw mode SCSI disk unit u, partition p
intro(4), scsi(4), wd(4), disklabel(5), disklabel(8), fdisk(8)
sd driver was originally written for
Mach 2.5, and was ported to FreeBSD by Julian
Elischer. It was later ported to OpenBSD.