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PROFIL(2) System Calls Manual PROFIL(2)

NAME

profilcontrol process profiling

SYNOPSIS

#include <unistd.h>
int
profil(char *samples, size_t size, u_long offset, u_int scale);

DESCRIPTION

The profil() function enables or disables program counter profiling of the current process. If profiling is enabled, then at every clock tick, the kernel updates an appropriate count in the samples buffer.
The buffer samples contains size bytes and is divided into a series of 16-bit bins. Each bin counts the number of times the program counter was in a particular address range in the process when a clock tick occurred while profiling was enabled. For a given program counter address, the number of the corresponding bin is given by the relation:
[(pc - offset) / 2] * scale / 65536
The offset parameter is the lowest address at which the kernel takes program counter samples. The scale parameter ranges from 1 to 65536 and can be used to change the span of the bins. A scale of 65536 maps each bin to 2 bytes of address range; a scale of 32768 gives 4 bytes, 16384 gives 8 bytes and so on. Intermediate values provide approximate intermediate ranges. A scale value of 0 disables profiling.

RETURN VALUES

If the scale value is nonzero and the buffer samples contains an illegal address, profil() returns -1, profiling is terminated, and errno is set appropriately. Otherwise, profil() returns 0.

FILES

/usr/lib/gcrt0.o
profiling C run-time startup file
gmon.out
conventional name for profiling output file

ERRORS

The following error may be reported:
 
 
[EFAULT]
The buffer samples contains an invalid address.

SEE ALSO

gprof(1)

BUGS

This routine should be named profile().
The samples argument should really be a vector of type unsigned short.
The format of the gmon.out file is undocumented.
September 10, 2015 OpenBSD-current