display information on software packages
pkg_info command is used to dump out information for
packages, as created by pkg_create(1),
which may be still packed up or already installed on the system with the
The pkg-name may be the name of an installed
package, the pathname to a package distribution file, or a URL to a package
available through FTP, HTTP, HTTPS, or SCP.
will try to complete pkg-name with a version number
while looking through installed packages.
When browsing through uninstalled packages, running
pkg_info -I *.tgz will report a summary line for
each package, so that it is possible to run
pkgname.tgz to obtain a longer package description, and
pkg_add -n pkgname.tgz to check that the
installation would proceed cleanly, including dependencies.
The following command-line options are supported:
- Show information for all currently installed packages, including internal
- Show information for all currently installed packages.
- Show certificate information for signed packages.
- Show the one-line comment field for each package.
- Enforce extra options as given by name, similarly to
- List of trusted signers, separated by commas. Corresponds to list of
public keys under /etc/signify we want to
trust. Defaults to any key matching ‘*pkg’ for packages,
and any key matching ‘*fw’ for firmware.
- Force ‘%c’ and ‘%m’ to expand to
‘snapshots’, even on a release kernel.
- Allow opening unsigned packages without warnings/errors (necessary for
ports(7), automatically set by the
- Show the long-description field for each package.
- Look for the package(s) that contains the given
filename. As a faster alternative, note that there
is a package, pkglocatedb, that contains a
locate(1) database of every file in
- This option allows you to test for the presence of another (perhaps
prerequisite) package from a script. If the package identified by
pkg-name is currently installed, return 0, otherwise
return 1. In addition, the names of any package(s) found installed are
printed to stdout unless turned off using the
The given pkg-name is actually a package
specification, as described in
pkg_info -e 'name->=1.3' will match
versions 1.3 and later of the name package.
- Another variant of this option that uses a pkgpath instead. A pkgpath is a
location within the ports tree, as described in
pkgpath(7). For example,
pkg_info -e x11/kde/base3 will match any package
that was compiled according to
- Show the packing-list instructions for each package. See
package(5) for the various
- Show the index entry for each package.
- Prefix file names with category keyword (e.g., @file, @lib). Always used
- Show the files within each package. This is different from just viewing
the packing-list, since full pathnames for everything are generated.
- Prefix each information category header (see
shown with str. This is primarily of use to
front-end programs that want to request a lot of different information
fields at once for a package, but don't necessarily want the output
intermingled in such a way that they can't organize it. This lets you add
a special token to the start of each field.
- Show the install-message file (if any) for each package.
- Only show packages tagged as manual installations. It should omit anything
installed automatically as a dependency.
- Show the pkgpath(7) for each package.
You can easily build a subdirlist with this.
- Show all packages in $PKG_PATH which match the given
- Be “quiet” in emitting report headers and such, just dump
the raw info (basically, assume a non-human reading).
- Show which packages require a given package.
- Check a list for a given pkgspec. The following
arguments are names of packages to verify. Exit status will be augmented
by 2 if none of the packages do match.
- Show the update signature for each package. The ‘update
signature’ is a unique tag showing the package name, a global
version number, and the version number of every run time dependency and
shared library used to build this package.
- Show an estimate of the total size of each package.
- Show packages which are not required by any other packages.
- Show the deinstall-message file (if any) for each package.
- Turn on verbose output.
- Fuzzy listing option, often used together with
Only shows stems, flavors and branches information. To be reused with
to recreate a package installation with different versions and no
ambiguity. Note that this intentionally does not include firmware, as they
are not handled by pkg_add(1).
Package info is either extracted from package files named on the command line,
or from already installed package information in
- The standard package database directory,
/var/db/pkg, can be overridden by specifying an
alternative directory in the
- This can be used to specify a colon-separated list of paths to search for
package files. The current directory is always searched first, even if
PKG_PATH is set. If
PKG_PATH is used, the suffix “.tgz”
is automatically appended to the pkg-name, whereas
searching in the current directory uses pkg-name
literally. Each entry consists of a directory name. URL schemes such as
FTP, HTTP, HTTPS, or SCP are also appropriate. The current directory may
be indicated implicitly by an empty directory name, or explicitly by a
single period (‘
sequences ‘%a’, ‘%c’, ‘%m’,
‘%v’ will be expanded.
- Temporary area where package information files will be extracted, instead
- Same semantics as
PKG_PATH, but it is searched
PKG_PATH and waives any kind of signature
- Jordan Hubbard
- initial design
- complete rewrite