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PCI_INTR_MAP(9) Kernel Developer's Manual PCI_INTR_MAP(9)

pci_intr_map, pci_intr_map_msi, pci_intr_line, pci_intr_string, pci_intr_establish, pci_intr_disestablishPCI interrupts

#include <alpha/pci/pci_machdep.h>
#include <i386/pci/pci_machdep.h>
#include <powerpc/pci/pci_machdep.h>
#include <sgi/pci/pci_machdep.h>
#include <machine/pci_machdep.h>

pci_intr_map(struct pci_attach_args *paa, pci_intr_handle_t *ih);

pci_intr_map_msi(struct pci_attach_args *paa, pci_intr_handle_t *ih);

pci_intr_line(pci_intr_handle_t ih);

const char *
pci_intr_string(pci_chipset_tag_t pc, pci_intr_handle_t ih);

void *
pci_intr_establish(pci_chipset_tag_t pc, pci_intr_handle_t ih, int level, int (*func)(void *), void *arg, const char *name);

pci_intr_disestablish(pci_chipset_tag_t pc, void *v);

These functions are provided by the machine-dependent implementation for attaching handler functions to the interrupts of PCI devices.

An architect type is provided by the machine-dependent code pci_intr_handle_t, to be initialised by pci_intr_map() or pci_intr_map_msi().

The pci_intr_map() function should be called first to establish a mapping between a PCI pin and the interrupt controller's interrupt vector. This process may include resolving the mapping through firmware-provided information. For devices that support Message Signaled Interrupts (MSI) the pci_intr_map_msi() function should be called instead. This function can fail if the system does not support MSI. In that case pci_intr_map() should be called to fall back on classic PCI interrupts.

Having initialised the pci_intr_handle_t in the previous step, an interrupt handler can be established using pci_intr_establish() or converted into printable form using pci_intr_string(). A handler established using pci_intr_establish() is always called with the system interrupt priority level set equal to, or higher than, level.

pci_intr_line() provides the interrupt line extracted from the MD interrupt handle. Upon device detachment, pci_intr_disestablish() should be used to disassociate the handler from the interrupt.

See spl(9) for an explanation of the ipl “interrupt priority levels”.

A typical code sequence for establishing a handler for a device interrupt in the driver might be:

xxxattach(struct device *parent, struct device *self, void *aux)
	struct xxx_softc *sc = (struct xxx_softc *)self;
	struct pci_attach_args *pa = aux;
	pci_intr_handle_t ih;
	const char *intrstr;
	bus_size_t size;


	if (pci_intr_map_msi(pa, &ih) && pci_intr_map(pa, &ih)) {
		printf(": can't map interrupt\n");
		bus_space_unmap(sc->iot, sc->ioh, size);
	intrstr = pci_intr_string(pa->pa_pc, ih);
	sc->sc_ih = pci_intr_establish(pa->pa_pc, ih, IPL_NET,
	    xxx_intr, sc, sc->sc_dev.dv_xname);
	if (!sc->sc_ih) {
		printf(": can't establish interrupt");
		if (intrstr)
			printf(" at %s", intrstr);
		bus_space_unmap(sc->iot, sc->ioh, size);

	printf(": %s\n", intrstr);


cardbus(4), pci(4), pcibios(4), pci_conf_read(9), spl(9)

These functions first appeared in OpenBSD 1.2.

June 4, 2013 OpenBSD-current