display name list (symbol table)
The symbol table (name list) of each object in file(s) is
displayed. If a library (archive) is given,
displays a list for each object archive member. If file
is not present,
nm searches for the file
a.out and displays its symbol table if it exists.
The options are as follows:
- Display the full path or library name of object on every line.
- Display symbol table entries inserted for use by debuggers.
- Decode low-level symbol names. This involves removing extra underscores
and making C++ function names readable.
- Display the dynamic symbol table instead of the normal symbol table.
- Output extended information, that is `w' for weak symbols, `f' for
function-like symbols, and `o' for object-like symbols.
- Restrict display to external (global) symbols.
- Present results in numerical order.
- Display the full path or library name of object on every line (this is
- Report information in POSIX format: full path or library name of object if
-o has been
specified; symbol name; symbol type; symbol value and size (unless the
symbol is undefined). The radix of symbol values and sizes defaults to
decimal, and may be changed with the
- Do not sort at all.
- Reverse order sort.
- Show archive index.
- In POSIX format output, choose the numeric radix as follows:
- Display undefined symbols only.
- Warn about non-object archive members. Normally,
nm will silently ignore all archive members which
are not object files.
Each symbol name is preceded by its value (a blank field if the
symbol is undefined) and one of the following letters:
- debugger symbol table entries (see the
- bss or tbss segment symbol
- common symbol
- data or tdata segment symbol
- file name
- read-only data segment symbol
- text segment symbol
- weak symbol
If the symbol is local (non-external), the type letter is in lower
case. The output is sorted alphabetically.
nm utility is part of the IEEE Std
1003.1-2008 (“POSIX.1”) specification; this
implementation is largely incompatible with that standard.
nm command appeared in
Version 6 AT&T UNIX.