|LOCATE(1)||General Commands Manual||LOCATE(1)|
] pattern ...
locateutility searches a database for all pathnames which match the specified pattern. The database is recomputed periodically (usually weekly or daily), and contains the pathnames of all files which are publicly accessible. Shell globbing and quoting characters (‘
[’, and ‘
]’) may be used in pattern, although they will have to be escaped from the shell. Preceding any character with a backslash (‘
\’) eliminates any special meaning which it may have. The matching differs in that no characters must be matched explicitly, including slashes (‘
/’). As a special case, a pattern containing no globbing characters (“foo”) is matched as though it were “*foo*”. Historically,
locatestores only characters between 32 and 127. The current implementation stores all characters except newline (‘
\n’) and NUL (‘
\0’). The 8-bit character support does not waste extra space for plain ASCII file names. Characters less than 32 or greater than 127 are stored as 2 bytes. The options are as follows:
-doptions are allowed. Each additional
-doption adds the specified database to the list of databases to be searched. database may be a colon-separated list of databases. An empty database name is a reference to the default database.
$ locate -d $HOME/lib/mydb: foo
$ locate -d $HOME/lib/mydb::/cdrom/locate.database foo
$ locate -d db1 -d db2 -d db3 pattern
$ locate -d db1:db2:db3 pattern
$ locate -d db1:db2 -d db3 pattern
-doption was specified.
locatecommand appeared in 4.4BSD.
locatemay fail to list some files that are present, or may list files that have been removed from the system. This is because
locateonly reports files that are present in a periodically reconstructed database (typically rebuilt once a week by the weekly(8) script). Use find(1) to locate files that are of a more transitory nature. The
locatedatabase is built by user “nobody” using find(1). This will skip directories which are not readable by user “nobody”, group “nobody”, or the world. E.g., if your home directory is not world-readable, your files will not appear in the database. The
locatedatabase is not byte order independent. It is not possible to share the databases between machines with different byte order. The current
locateimplementation understands databases in host byte order or network byte order. So a little-endian machine can't understand a locate database which was built on a big-endian machine.
|October 23, 2015||OpenBSD-current|