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HTPASSWD(1) General Commands Manual HTPASSWD(1)

htpasswdcreate and update user authentication files

htpasswd [file] login

htpasswd -I [file]

htpasswd is used to create and update user authentication files for HTTP daemons.

The options are as follows:

Switch to batch mode. htpasswd reads exactly one line from standard input and splits it at the first ":". The first part is the login, the second part is the password which htpasswd then hashes using bcrypt(3).

htpasswd prompts for a password and generates a hash using bcrypt(3). A line suitable for a password file is written to the standard output. If invoked with two arguments (or one argument if the -I flag is used), user authentication file is updated.


This reimplemented version of htpasswd has been available since OpenBSD 5.6.

Florian Obser <> implemented htpasswd from scratch after Apache httpd was removed from OpenBSD base.

March 31, 2022 OpenBSD-current