host and network name database
file associates names and IP
addresses. Each line has the following format:
Host or network name
Items are separated by any number of blanks and/or tab characters. A
’ indicates the beginning of a
comment; characters up to the end of the line are not interpreted by routines
which search the file.
The system configuration file
where host name information will be searched for. The mechanism provided
permits the administrator to describe the databases to search; the databases
currently known include yp(8)
When using a name server this file provides a backup when the name server is not
running. For the name server, it is suggested that only a few addresses be
included in this file. These include addresses for the local interfaces that
needs at boot time
and a few machines on the local network.
Internet addresses are specified using either dot notation (IPv4) or colon
separated notation (IPv6) as described in
. Host names may
contain any printable character other than a field delimiter, newline, or
file format appeared in
An official host database used to be maintained at the Network Information
Control Center (NIC).
Up to OpenBSD 6.3
, a separate file
could be used to store
A name server should be used instead of a static file.
Lines in /etc/hosts
are limited to
characters (currently 1024). Longer
lines will be ignored.