Distance Vector Multicast Routing
dvmrpd is the Distance Vector Multicast
Routing Protocol (DVMRP) daemon, which manages multicast routing tables.
This implementation supports DVMRP version 3.255, thus it is only capable of
maintaining IPv4 multicast routing tables.
DVMRP uses a distance vector routing algorithm to build reverse path multicast delivery trees. A flood and prune approach is used to determine which branches in the network have multicast listeners. The usual drawbacks of a distance vector route protocol applies to DVMRP: slow convergence and scalability issues.
DVMRP routers communicate via the multicast group 126.96.36.199 All DVMRP Routers. IP protocol number 2 (IGMP) is used, furthermore DVMRP packets omit the use of TCP and UDP.
It is possible to interconnect multicast networks with the use of
tunnels. Tunnels can traverse routers and networks not supporting multicast.
dvmrpd does not support tunneling as described in
RFC 1075, since it has been abandoned.
tunnel multicast traffic using generic solutions such as
DVMRP is used for handling multicast routing exclusively. It is not required that a unicast routing protocol is used in conjunction with DVMRP.
dvmrpd enabled at boot time, use
“rcctl enable dvmrpd”, which sets
dvmrpd can be controlled with
the dvmrpctl(8) utility.
The options are as follows:
- Do not daemonize. If this option is specified,
dvmrpdwill run in the foreground and log to stderr.
- Specify an alternative configuration file.
- Configtest mode. Only check the configuration file for validity.
- Produce more verbose output.
- UNIX-domain socket used for communication with dvmrpctl(8).
DVMRP Version 3, draft-ietf-idmr-dvmrp-v3-11, August 2000.
dvmrpd program first appeared in