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X509_SIGN(3) Library Functions Manual X509_SIGN(3)

X509_sign, X509_sign_ctx, X509_verify, X509_REQ_sign, X509_REQ_sign_ctx, X509_REQ_verify, X509_CRL_sign, X509_CRL_sign_ctx, X509_CRL_verifysign or verify certificate, certificate request, or CRL signature

#include <openssl/x509.h>

X509_sign(X509 *x, EVP_PKEY *pkey, const EVP_MD *md);

X509_sign_ctx(X509 *x, EVP_MD_CTX *ctx);

X509_verify(X509 *a, EVP_PKEY *r);

X509_REQ_sign(X509_REQ *x, EVP_PKEY *pkey, const EVP_MD *md);

X509_REQ_sign_ctx(X509_REQ *x, EVP_MD_CTX *ctx);

X509_REQ_verify(X509_REQ *a, EVP_PKEY *r);

X509_CRL_sign(X509_CRL *x, EVP_PKEY *pkey, const EVP_MD *md);

X509_CRL_sign_ctx(X509_CRL *x, EVP_MD_CTX *ctx);

X509_CRL_verify(X509_CRL *a, EVP_PKEY *r);

() signs the certificate x using the private key pkey and the message digest md and sets the signature in x. X509_sign_ctx() also signs the certificate x but uses the parameters contained in digest context ctx.

() verifies the signature of certificate x using the public key pkey. Only the signature is checked: no other checks (such as certificate chain validity) are performed.

(), (), (), (), (), and X509_CRL_verify() sign and verify certificate requests and CRLs, respectively.

If X509_CRL_set_default_method(3) was in effect at the time the X509_CRL object was created, () calls the () callback function instead of performing the default action.

() is used where the default parameters for the corresponding public key and digest are not suitable. It can be used to sign keys using RSA-PSS for example.

For efficiency reasons and to work around ASN.1 encoding issues, the encoding of the signed portion of a certificate, certificate request, and CRL is cached internally. If the signed portion of the structure is modified, the encoding is not always updated, meaning a stale version is sometimes used. This is not normally a problem because modifying the signed portion will invalidate the signature and signing will always update the encoding.

X509_sign(), X509_sign_ctx(), X509_REQ_sign(), X509_REQ_sign_ctx(), X509_CRL_sign(), and X509_CRL_sign_ctx() return the size of the signature in bytes for success or 0 for failure.

X509_verify(), X509_REQ_verify(), and X509_CRL_verify() return 1 if the signature is valid or 0 if the signature check fails. If the signature could not be checked at all because it was invalid or some other error occurred, then -1 is returned.

In some cases of failure, the reason can be determined with ERR_get_error(3).

d2i_X509(3), EVP_DigestInit(3), X509_CRL_get0_by_serial(3), X509_CRL_METHOD_new(3), X509_CRL_new(3), X509_get_pubkey(3), X509_get_subject_name(3), X509_get_version(3), X509_NAME_add_entry_by_txt(3), X509_NAME_ENTRY_get_object(3), X509_NAME_get_index_by_NID(3), X509_NAME_print_ex(3), X509_new(3), X509_REQ_new(3), X509_verify_cert(3), X509V3_get_d2i(3)

X509_verify() appeared in SSLeay 0.4 or earlier. X509_sign() and X509_REQ_sign() first appeared in SSLeay 0.4.4. X509_REQ_verify() and X509_CRL_verify() first appeared in SSLeay 0.4.5b. X509_CRL_sign() first appeared in SSLeay 0.5.1. These functions have been available since OpenBSD 2.4.

X509_sign_ctx(), X509_REQ_sign_ctx(), and X509_CRL_sign_ctx() first appeared in OpenSSL 1.0.1 and have been available since OpenBSD 5.3.

October 30, 2021 OpenBSD-current