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RPKI-CLIENT(8) System Manager's Manual RPKI-CLIENT(8)

rpki-clientRPKI validator to support BGP routing security

rpki-client [-ABcjmnoRrVv] [-b sourceaddr] [-d cachedir] [-e rsync_prog] [-H fqdn] [-S skiplist] [-s timeout] [-T table] [-t tal] [outputdir]

rpki-client [-Vv] [-d cachedir] [-j] [-t tal] -f file ...

The rpki-client utility queries the RPKI repository system with a built-in HTTPS client and openrsync(1) to fetch all X.509 certificates, manifests, and revocation lists under a given Trust Anchor. rpki-client subsequently validates each Signed Object by constructing and verifying a certification path for the certificate associated with the Object (including checking relevant CRLs). rpki-client produces lists of the Validated ROA Payloads (VRPs), (BRKs), and Validated ASPA Payloads (VAPs) in various formats.

The options are as follows:

Exclude the aspa-set in the OpenBGPD specific output file.
Create output in the files bird1v4, bird1v6, and bird (for bird2) in the output directory which is suitable for the BIRD internet routing daemon.
Tell the HTTP and rsync clients to use sourceaddr as the source address for connections, which is useful on machines with multiple interfaces.
Create output in the file csv in the output directory as comma-separated values of the , the prefix in slash notation, the maximum prefix length, an abbreviation for the Trust Anchor the entry is derived from, and the moment the VRP will expire derived from the chain of X.509 certificates and CRLs in seconds since the Epoch, UTC.
The directory where rpki-client will store the cached repository data. Defaults to /var/cache/rpki-client.
Use rsync_prog instead of openrsync(1) to fetch repositories. It must accept the -rt and --address flags and connect with rsync-protocol locations.
file ...
Decode the or validate the Signed Object in file against the RPKI cache stored in cachedir and print human-readable information about the object. If file is an rsync:// URI, the corresponding file from the cache will be used. This option implies -n, and can be combined with -j to emit a stream of .
Create a shortlist and add fqdn to the shortlist. rpki-client only connects to shortlisted hosts. The shortlist filter is enforced during processing of the Subject Information Access (SIA) extension in CA certificates, thus applies to both RSYNC and RRDP connections. This option can be used multiple times.
Create output in the file json in the output directory as JSON object. See -c for a description of the fields.
Create output in the file metrics in the output directory in OpenMetrics format.
Offline mode. Validate the contents of cachedir and write to outputdir without synchronizing via RRDP or RSYNC.
Create output in the file openbgpd in the output directory as bgpd(8) compatible input. If the -B, -c, and -j options are not specified this is the default.
Synchronize via RSYNC only.
Synchronize via RRDP. If RRDP fails, RSYNC will be used. This is the default. Mutually exclusive with -n.
Do not connect to hosts listed in the skiplist file. Entries in the skiplist are newline separated (FQDNs). A ‘#’ indicates the beginning of a comment; characters up to the end of the line are not interpreted. The skip filter is enforced during processing of the Subject Information Access (SIA) extension in CA certificates, thus applies to both RSYNC and RRDP connections. By default load entries from /etc/rpki/skiplist.
Terminate after timeout seconds of runtime, because normal practice will restart from cron(8). Disable by specifying 0. Defaults to 1 hour. Individual RSYNC/RRDP repositories are timed out after one fourth of timeout. All network synchronisation tasks are aborted after seven eights of timeout.
For BIRD output generated with the -B option use table as roa table name instead of the default 'ROAS'.
Specify a Trust Anchor Location (TAL) file to be used. This option can be used multiple times to load multiple TALs. By default rpki-client will load all TAL files in /etc/rpki. TAL are small files containing a public key and URL endpoint address.
Show the version and exit.
Increase verbosity. Specify once for synchronisation status, twice to print the name of each file as it's processed. If -f is given, specify once to print more information about the encapsulated X.509 certificate, twice to print the certificate in PEM format.
The directory where rpki-client will write the output files. Defaults to /var/db/rpki-client/.

By default rpki-client outputs validated payloads in -o (OpenBGPD compatible) format.

rpki-client should be run hourly by cron(8): use crontab(1) to uncomment the entry in root's crontab.

rpki-client utilizes the following environment variables:

URL of HTTP proxy to use.

default TAL files used unless -t tal is specified.
default skiplist file, unless -S skiplist is specified.
cached repository data.
default roa-set output file.

All the top-level TAL are included, except the ARIN TAL which is not made available with terms compatible with open source. That public key is treated as a proprietary object in a lengthy legal agreement regarding ARIN service restrictions.

The rpki-client utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.

openrsync(1), bgpd.conf(5)

X.509 Extensions for IP Addresses and AS Identifiers, RFC 3779.

Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure Certificate and Certificate Revocation List (CRL) Profile, RFC 5280.

Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS), RFC 5652.

The rsync URI Scheme, RFC 5781.

An Infrastructure to Support Secure Internet Routing, RFC 6480.

A Profile for Resource Certificate Repository Structure, RFC 6481.

The Profile for Algorithms and Key Sizes for Use in the Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI), RFC 6485.

A Profile for X.509 PKIX Resource Certificates, RFC 6487.

Signed Object Template for the Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI), RFC 6488.

The Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) Ghostbusters Record, RFC 6493.

Policy Qualifiers in Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) Certificates, RFC 7318.

The Profile for Algorithms and Key Sizes for Use in the Resource Public Key Infrastructure, RFC 7935.

The RPKI Repository Delta Protocol (RRDP), RFC 8182.

A Profile for BGPsec Router Certificates, Certificate Revocation Lists, and Certification Requests, RFC 8209.

Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) Trust Anchor Locator, RFC 8630.

Finding and Using Geofeed Data, RFC 9092.

Manifests for the Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI), RFC 9286.

RPKI Signed Object for Trust Anchor Key,, Oct, 2022.

A Profile for RPKI Signed Checklists (RSCs), RFC 9323.

A Profile for Route Origin Authorizations (ROAs),, Nov, 2022.

A Profile for Autonomous System Provider Authorization (ASPA),, Jan, 2023.

rpki-client first appeared in OpenBSD 6.7.

Kristaps Dzonsons <>, Claudio Jeker <>, Theo Buehler <>, and Job Snijders <>.

March 6, 2023 OpenBSD-7.3