— command scripts for system
rc is the command script that is invoked
by init(8) when the system starts up. It performs system housekeeping
chores and starts up system daemons. Additionally,
rc is intricately tied to the
netstart(8) script, which runs commands and daemons pertaining to the
rc is also used to execute any
rc.d(8) scripts defined in
scripts hold commands which are pertinent only to a specific site.
All of these startup scripts are controlled to some extent by variables defined in rc.conf(8), which specify which daemons and services to run.
Before init(8) starts
rc, it sets the
process priority, umask, and resource limits according to the
“daemon” login class as described in
login.conf(5). It then starts
attempts to execute the sequence of commands therein.
The first part of
rc runs an
fsck(8) with option
“preen” all disks of minor inconsistencies resulting from the
last system shutdown and to check for serious inconsistencies caused by
hardware or software failure. If this auto-check and repair succeeds, then
the second part of
rc is run. However, if the file
/fastboot exists, fsck will not be invoked. The file
is then removed so that fsck will be run on subsequent boots.
The second part of
rc then asks
rc.conf(8) for configuration variables, mounts filesystems, saves
dmesg(8) output to the file
/var/run/dmesg.boot, starts system daemons,
preserves editor files, clears the scratch directory
savecore(8) to save any possible core image that might have been
generated as a result of a system crash, and relinks kernel objects in a
If at any point the boot script fails,
init(8) enters single-user mode, allowing the superuser a shell on
the console. On exiting this mode, init again invokes
rc, but this time without performing the file system
rc starts most system daemons,
netstart(8) is executed.
rc.securelevel is executed by
rc to start daemons that must be run before the
security level changes. Following this,
rc then sets
the security level to '1' if it wasn't set already by
securelevel(7) for the effects of setting the security
rc.firsttime exists, it is executed
once and then deleted. Any output is mailed to root.
rc.local is executed towards the end of
rc (it is not the very last as there are a few
services that must be started at the very end). Normally,
rc.local contains commands and daemons that are not
part of the stock installation.
- Command script for network startup.
- Command scripts for system startup.
- System daemon configuration database.
- Site specific daemon configuration database.
- Directory to hold rc.d(8) scripts.
- Functions used by the rc.d(8) scripts.
- Commands run on the first boot after creation.
- Site specific command scripts for system startup.
- Commands run before the security level changes.
- Commands run at system shutdown.
- Examples of site specific scripts.
rcnot to run fsck(8) during the next boot.
- Copy of dmesg(8) saved by
rcat boot time.
sysctl.conf(5), securelevel(7), init(8), netstart(8), rc.conf(8), rc.d(8), rc.shutdown(8), rcctl(8)
rc command appeared in