Network Time Protocol daemon
This manual page describes the format of the ntpd(8) configuration file.
ntpd.conf has the following format:
Empty lines and lines beginning with the ‘#’ character are ignored.
Keywords may be specified multiple times within the configuration file. The basic configuration options are as follows:
listen onaddress [
- Specify a local IP address or a hostname the
ntpd(8) daemon should listen on. If it appears multiple times,
ntpd(8) will listen on each given address. If ‘*’ is
given as an address,
ntpd(8) will listen on all local addresses using the specified
routing table. ntpd(8) does not listen on any address by default. The
rtablekeyword will specify which routing table to listen on. By default ntpd(8) will listen using the current routing table. For example:
listen on *
listen on 127.0.0.1 listen on ::1 listen on 127.0.0.1 rtable 4
- Specify a local IP address the
ntpd(8) daemon should use for outgoing queries to subsequently
specified servers, which is useful on machines with multiple interfaces.
query from 192.0.2.1 query from 2001:db8::1
- Specify a timedelta sensor device
ntpd(8) should use. The sensor can be specified multiple times:
ntpd(8) will use each given sensor that actually exists.
Non-existent sensors are ignored. If ‘*’ is given as device
name, ntpd(8) will use all timedelta sensors it finds.
ntpd(8) does not use any timedelta sensor by default. For example:
sensor * sensor nmea0
correctionin microseconds can be given to compensate for the sensor's offset. The maximum correction is 127 seconds. For example, if a DCF77 receiver is lagging 70ms behind actual time:
sensor udcf0 correction 70000
refidID-string of up to 4 ASCII characters can be given to publish the sensor type to clients. RFC 2030 suggests some common reference identifiers, but new identifiers "can be contrived as appropriate." If an ID-string is not given, ntpd(8) will use a generic reference ID. For example:
sensor nmea0 refid GPS
stratumkeyword can be used to change the stratum value from the default of 1.
trustedkeyword indicates the time learned is secure, trustworthy, and not vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attacks, so
constraintsvalidation is skipped. This is useful for boot-time correction in environments where
constraintscannot be used.
weightkeyword permits finer control over the relative importance of time sources (servers or sensor devices). Weights are specified in the range 1 to 10; if no weight is given, the default is 1. A server with a weight of 5, for example, will have five times more influence on time offset calculation than a server with a weight of 1.
- Specify the IP address or the hostname of an NTP server to synchronize to.
If it appears multiple times,
ntpd(8) will try to synchronize to all of the servers specified. If
a hostname resolves to multiple IPv4 and/or IPv6 addresses,
ntpd(8) uses the first address. If it does not get a reply,
ntpd(8) retries with the next address and continues to do so until
a working address is found. For example:
server 10.0.0.2 weight 5 server ntp.example.org weight 1
To provide redundancy, it is good practice to configure multiple servers. In general, best accuracy is obtained by using servers that have a low network latency.
- As with
server, specify the IP address or hostname of an NTP server to synchronize to. If it appears multiple times, ntpd(8) will try to synchronize to all of the servers specified. Should the hostname resolve to multiple IP addresses, ntpd(8) will try to synchronize to all of them. For example:
servers pool.ntp.org servers pool.ntp.org weight 5
ntpd(8) can be configured to query the ‘Date’ from trusted HTTPS servers via TLS. This time information is not used for precision but acts as an authenticated constraint, thereby reducing the impact of unauthenticated NTP man-in-the-middle attacks. Received NTP packets with time information falling outside of a range near the constraint will be discarded and such NTP servers will be marked as invalid.
constraint fromurl [ip...]
- Specify the URL, IP address or the hostname of an HTTPS server to provide
a constraint. If the url is followed by one or more addresses, the url and
addresses will be tried until a working one is found. The url path and
expected certificate name is always taken from the url specified. If
constraint fromis used more than once, ntpd(8) will calculate a median constraint from all the servers specified.
server ntp.example.org constraint from www.example.com constraint from "https://126.96.36.199" "2620:fe::9"
- As with
constraint from, specify the URL, IP address or the hostname of an HTTPS server to provide a constraint. Should the hostname resolve to multiple IP addresses, ntpd(8) will calculate a median constraint from all of them. For example:
servers pool.ntp.org constraints from "https://www.google.com/"
- Default ntpd(8) configuration file.
- Example configuration file.
ntpctl(8), ntpd(8), sysctl(8)
ntpd.conf file format first appeared
in OpenBSD 3.6.