remove a directory file
removes a directory file whose name is given by path.
The directory must not have any entries other than
There is no
function; to remove a directory with a path relative to the directory
associated with a file descriptor use the
unlinkat(2) function with the
Upon successful completion, the value 0 is returned; otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.
The named file is removed unless:
- A component of the path is not a directory.
- A component of a pathname exceeded
NAME_MAXcharacters, or an entire pathname (including the terminating NUL) exceeded
- The named directory does not exist.
- Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname.
- The named directory contains files other than
.’ and ‘
..’ in it.
- Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix.
- Write permission is denied on the directory containing the directory to be removed.
- The directory containing the directory to be removed is marked sticky, and neither the containing directory nor the directory to be removed are owned by the effective user ID.
- The directory to be removed or the directory containing it has its immutable or append-only flag set (see chflags(2)).
- The directory to be removed is the mount point for a mounted file system.
- The last path element of the directory to be removed consists of
- An I/O error occurred while deleting the directory entry or deallocating the inode.
- The directory entry to be removed resides on a read-only file system.
- path points outside the process's allocated address space.
rmdir(1), chflags(2), mkdir(2), unlink(2)
rmdir() function conforms to
IEEE Std 1003.1-2008 (“POSIX.1”).
rmdir() function call appeared in