rmdir — remove a
removes a directory file whose name is given by path.
The directory must not have any entries other than
There is no
function; to remove a directory with a path relative to the directory
associated with a file descriptor use the
unlinkat(2) function with
Upon successful completion, the value 0 is returned;
otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global variable
errno is set to indicate the error.
The named file is removed unless:
- A component of the path is not a directory.
- A component of a pathname exceeded
characters, or an entire pathname (including the terminating NUL) exceeded
- The named directory does not exist.
- Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname.
- The named directory contains files other than
..’ in it.
- Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix.
- Write permission is denied on the directory containing the directory to be
- The directory containing the directory to be removed is marked sticky, and
neither the containing directory nor the directory to be removed are owned
by the effective user ID.
- The directory to be removed or the directory containing it has its
immutable or append-only flag set (see
- The directory to be removed is the mount point for a mounted file
- The last path element of the directory to be removed consists of
- An I/O error occurred while deleting the directory entry or deallocating
- The directory entry to be removed resides on a read-only file system.
- path points outside the process's allocated address
rmdir() function conforms to
IEEE Std 1003.1-2008 (“POSIX.1”).
rmdir() function call appeared in