|BOOT_SPARC64(8)||System Manager's Manual (sparc64)||BOOT_SPARC64(8)|
sparc64 system bootstrapping procedures
The sparc64 boot process is split into two parts: a small first-stage bootblock that is written into the superblock area of a partition (and hence is limited in size to SBSIZE - DEV_BSIZE bytes), and a second-stage boot program that resides in the filesystem proper. The first-stage bootblock is loaded into memory by the PROM. After it receives control, it loads the second-stage boot program ofwboot from the filesystem. The second-stage boot program uses the device driver interface to the PROM and the stand-alone filesystem code in libsa.a to locate and load the kernel. The first-stage bootblock and second-stage boot program can be found in /usr/mdec/bootblk and /usr/mdec/ofwboot respectively. The second-stage boot program commonly resides in the root directory as /ofwboot.
System boot blocks are installed using installboot(8), which prepares an FFS filesystem partition for boot-strapping from the PROM.
The boot program attempts to load the kernel from the selected boot device, which must currently be an SCSI (sd) or IDE (wd) disk drive, or a CD-ROM (cd), or an SCSI tape drive (st).
The UltraSPARC Open Firmware will normally look for a bootloader on the device specified by the boot-device variable. The OpenBSD bootloader will then look for a kernel named bsd by default, unless the boot-file variable is set, or a different filename has been specified in the boot command. To reset this variable to its default, empty, value, type the following:
To boot from a softraid(4) volume by default, boot-device must be set to a disk device hosting a chunk of the softraid volume:
setenv boot-device disk0
and boot-file must contain the (sr) device name of the softraid volume and optionally a partition letter and/or kernel:
setenv boot-file sr0a:/bsd
Autoboot is enabled by setting the auto-boot? variable to “true”, and is the factory default.
The following options are recognized:
If the sysctl(8)
variable ddb.console is enabled, at any time you can
break back to the ROM by pressing the ‘L1’ (also known as the
“stop key”) and ‘a’ keys at the same time (if
the console is a serial port the same is achieved by sending a
“break”), and entering
machine prom at
the prompt. If you do this accidentally you can continue whatever was in
progress by typing
go at the PROM prompt, and then
cont to return to the system.
|October 3, 2015||OpenBSD-6.7|