network switch pseudo device
switch driver provides a network
interface pseudo-device. The interface is the forwarding part of a network
switch and it works along with a controller, usually
switchctl(8), through the device
device and the controller communicate using the OpenFlow 1.3 protocol.
switch interface is created using
create or by opening the character device
/dev/switchN is the OpenFlow channel of the interface switchN. It is used for exchanging OpenFlow messages. The device behaves like a stream, which means that a read(2) may return one or more OpenFlow messages depending on the number of bytes requested. It may also read the message partially (e.g. read(2) the OpenFlow message header and then the complete message). The same applies to write(2) calls, so it may send one or more OpenFlow messages with a single write or use more than one write(2) calls to send a single message.
switch interface responds to all of the
ioctl(2) calls specific to other interfaces listed in
ioctl(2) calls and their structures are commonly used by
ioctl(2) calls are used only by the
interface, as defined in
SIOCBRDGADDLstruct ifbreq *
- Add the interface named in ifbr_ifsname to the switch named in ifbr_name as a local port which connects the local system's network stacks. Only one vether(4) interface can be added as a local port.
- Retrieve the datapath_id in the OpenFlow protocol of the switch named in ifbrp_name into the ifbrpu_datapath field.
- Set the datapath_id in the OpenFlow protocol of the switch named in ifbrp_name to the value in the ifbrpu_datapath field.
- Retrieve the maximum number of flows in the OpenFlow protocol of the switch named in ifbrp_name into the ifbrp_maxflow field.
- Set the maximum number of flows in the OpenFlow protocol of the switch named in ifbrp_name to the value in the ifbrpu_maxflow field.
- Retrieve the maximum number of groups in the OpenFlow protocol of the switch named in ifbrp_name into the ifbrpu_maxgroup field.
- Set the maximum number of groups in the OpenFlow protocol of the switch named in ifbrp_name to the value in the ifbrpu_maxgroup field.
- Set the port_no in the OpenFlow protocol of the port named in ifbr_ifsname of the switch named in ifbr_name to the ifbr_portno field.
If open fails, errno(2) may be set to one of:
- Could not create the interface.
- The device was already opened.
- Out of memory.
bridge(4), inet(4), inet6(4), vether(4), hostname.if(5), ifconfig(8), netstart(8), switchctl(8), switchd(8)
Open Networking Foundation (ONF), OpenFlow Switch Specification, Version 1.3.5 (Protocol version 0x04), March 26, 2015.
switch driver first appeared in
switch driver was written by