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NPPPD.CONF(5) File Formats Manual NPPPD.CONF(5)

npppd.conf
npppd configuration file

npppd.conf is the configuration file for the PPP daemon npppd(8).

npppd.conf is divided into six sections:
Global
Global settings.
Tunnel
Tunneling protocol and PPP settings.
IPCP
Internet Protocol Configuration Protocol (IPCP) of PPP.
Interface
Interface settings.
Authentication
Authentication settings.
Bind
Bind settings.

The global options are as follows:
 
 
number
Specify the maximum number of sessions. ‘0’ means no limit. The default value is 0.
 
 
number
Specify the maximum number of sessions for each user. ‘0’ means no limit. The default value is 0.

The tunnel setting is described below:
tunnel name protocol protocol [
option ...
]
Specify the tunnel protocol:
Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (RFC 2661)
PPP Over Ethernet (RFC 2516)
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (RFC 2637)
The supported options are as follows:
 
 
address [
port port
]
Specify the IP address that this tunnel listens on. Both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses can be used for L2TP. Only IPv4 address can be used for PPTP. If the port is omitted, the default port numbers are used. The default port numbers are 1723 for PPTP and 1701 for L2TP. The default value is 0.0.0.0. This option is for PPTP and L2TP only. This option can be used multiple times.
 
 
interface-name
Specify the interface name that this PPPoE tunnel listens on. The interface must be an Ethernet interface. This option is for PPPoE only.
 
 
string
Specify an L2TP hostname. The default value is the value that is returned by gethostname(3). This option is for L2TP only.
 
 
string
Specify an L2TP vendor name. The default value is "" (an empty string). This option is for L2TP only.
 
 
number
Specify the interval time between L2TP hello requests, in seconds. The default value is 60. This option is for L2TP only.
 
 
number
Specify the maximum time that npppd(8) waits for L2TP hello responses, in seconds. The default value is 30. This option is for L2TP only.
 
 
yes | no
If “yes” is specified, npppd(8) accepts Proxy-LCP and Proxy-Authentication AVPs from LAC to do “compulsory tunneling mode”. The default is “no”. This option is for L2TP only.
 
 
yes | no
If “yes” is specified, npppd(8) will basically use the LCP that is received by Proxied-LCP AVPs, but if the LCP is not acceptable npppd(8) will negotiate LCP again. The default is “yes”. This option is for L2TP only.
 
 
yes | no
If “yes” is specified, npppd(8) will not use the LCP that is received by Proxied-LCP AVPs, it will negotiate LCP again. The default is “no”. This option is for L2TP only.
 
 
yes | no
Specify “yes” to use sequencing for L2TP Data communications. The default is “yes”. This option is for L2TP only.
 
 
yes | no
Specify “yes” to refuse L2TP connections without IPsec encapsulation. The default is “no”. This option is for L2TP only.
 
 
string
Specify a PPTP hostname. The default value is "" (an empty string). This option is for PPTP only.
 
 
string
Specify a PPTP vendor name. The default value is "" (an empty string). This option is for PPTP only.
 
 
number
Specify the interval time between PPTP echo requests, in seconds. The default value is 60. This option is for PPTP only.
 
 
number
Specify the maximum time that npppd(8) waits for PPTP echo replies, in seconds. The default value is 60. This option is for PPTP only.
 
 
string
Specify a service name. The default is "" (an empty string). This option is for PPPoE only.
 
 
yes | no
If “yes” is specified npppd(8) accepts requests from clients that are accepting any service names. The default value is “yes”. This option is for PPPoE only.
 
 
string
Specify the access concentrator (AC) name. The default value is created by the MAC address of the listening interface. This option is for PPPoE only.
 
 
number
Specify the Maximum Receive Unit (MRU). This value is used for LCP negotiation to ask the peer not to send packets greater than the MRU octets. The peer may use the MRU to decide its MTU, but this depends on the implementation. The default values are 1360 for L2TP, 1400 for PPTP, and 1492 for PPPoE.
 
 
yes | no
Specify whether npppd(8) uses LCP keepalive. The default value is “no” for L2TP and “yes” for PPTP and PPPoE.
 
 
number
Specify the interval time between LCP echo requests, in seconds. The default value is 300.
 
 
number
Specify the interval time between retrying LCP echo requests without receiving the echo reply from the peer. The value must be specified in seconds. The default value is 60.
 
 
number
Specify the maximum number of LCP echo retries. If the peer doesn't respond and the number of retries reaches this value, npppd(8) treats the link as dead and closes it. The default value is 3.
 
 
number
Specify the timeout value for LCP retransmission in seconds. The default value is 3.
 
 
number
Specify the maximum number of LCP configure request transmissions. The default value is 10.
 
 
number
Specify the maximum number of LCP terminate request transmissions. The default value is 2.
 
 
number
Specify the maximum number of LCP configure NAK loops. The default value is 5.
 
 
authentication-method ...
Specify an authentication method:
Password Authentication Protocol.
PPP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (RFC 1994).
Microsoft PPP CHAP Extensions, Version 2 (RFC 2749).
mschapv2 is used as the default for PPTP; pap chap mschapv2 is used as the default for other protocols.
 
 
number
Specify the timeout value for CCP retransmission, in seconds. The default value is 3.
 
 
number
Specify the maximum number of CCP configure request transmissions. The default value is 10.
 
 
number
Specify the maximum number of CCP terminate request transmissions. The default value is 2.
 
 
number
Specify the maximum number of CCP configure NAK loops. The default value is 5.
 
 
number
Specify the timeout value for IPCP retransmission, in seconds. The default value is 3.
 
 
number
Specify the maximum number of IPCP configure request transmissions. The default value is 10.
 
 
number
Specify the maximum number of IPCP terminate request transmissions. The default value is 2.
 
 
number
Specify the maximum number of IPCP configure NAK loops. The default value is 5.
 
 
yes | no | required
If “yes” is specified, npppd(8) will negotiate to use Microsoft Point-to-Point Encryption (MPPE), and it will continue the PPP even if the negotiation fails. If “required” is specified, npppd(8) will negotiate to use MPPE, and it will not continue the PPP if the negotiation fails. If “no” is specified, npppd(8) will negotiate not to use MPPE and it will refuse to use MPPE. The default value is “required” for PPTP and “yes” for L2TP and PPPoE.
 
 
key-length ...
Specify key lengths for this configuration. The following key lengths can be used:
128-bit encryption.
56-bit encryption.
40-bit encryption.
 
 
mode ...
Specify the key change modes that this configuration supports. The following modes can be used:
Stateful mode key changes.
Stateless mode key changes.
 
 
number
Specify the value for the idle timer, in seconds. The link is disconnected if there are no data packets sent or received for more than the amount of the idle-timeout. The default is 0, which disables the idle timer.
 
 
yes | no
If “yes” is specified, npppd(8) adjusts TCP SYN packets so that the value of TCP maximum segment size (MSS) is less than the value calculated from the link MTU. The default value is “no”.
 
 
yes | no
If “yes” is specified, npppd(8) applies an ingress filter for incoming packets. The ingress filter drops all packets whose source address does not match the address assigned by npppd(8) for the link. The default value is “no”.
 
 
yes | no
Specify whether npppd(8) uses pipex(4). The default is “yes”. The sysctl(8) variable net.pipex.enable should also be enabled to use pipex(4).
 
 
protocol ...
If this option is specified, npppd(8) dumps received packets which match the specified protocol. The following protocols can be specified:
Internet Protocol (IP)
Link Configuration Protocol (LCP)
Password Authentication Protocol (PAP)
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP)
Microsoft Point-to-Point Encryption (MPPE)
Compression Control Protocol (CCP)
IP Configuration Protocol (IPCP)
 
 
protocol ...
If this option is specified, npppd(8) dumps sent packets which match the specified protocol. See debug-dump-pktin section for protocol.
 
 
yes | no
Specify whether npppd(8) dumps received L2TP control packets for debugging. The default is “no”.
 
 
yes | no
Specify whether npppd(8) dumps sent L2TP control packets for debugging. The default is “no”.
 
 
yes | no
Specify whether npppd(8) dumps received L2TP data packets for debugging. The default is “no”.
 
 
yes | no
Specify whether npppd(8) dumps sent L2TP data packets for debugging. The default is “no”.
 
 
yes | no
Specify whether npppd(8) dumps received PPTP control packets for debugging. The default is “no”.
 
 
yes | no
Specify whether npppd(8) dumps sent PPTP control packets for debugging. The default is “no”.
 
 
yes | no
Specify whether npppd(8) dumps received PPTP data packets for debugging. The default is “no”.
 
 
yes | no
Specify whether npppd(8) dumps sent PPTP data packets for debugging. The default is “no”.
 
 
yes | no
Specify whether npppd(8) dumps received PPPoE discovery packets for debugging. The default is “no”.
 
 
yes | no
Specify whether npppd(8) dumps sent PPPoE discovery packets for debugging. The default is “no”.
 
 
yes | no
Specify whether npppd(8) dumps received PPPoE session packets for debug. The default is “no”.
 
 
yes | no
Specify whether npppd(8) dumps sent PPPoE session packets for debug. The default is “no”.

The ipcp setting is described below:
ipcp name [
option ...
]
name specifies the name of this ipcp setting. The maximum number of ipcp settings is 8.
The supported options are as follows:
 
 
address-range | address-mask [
for dynamic | static
]
Specify the IP address space that is pooled for this IPCP setting. The address space can be specified by address-range (e.g. 192.168.0.2-192.168.0.254) or address-mask (e.g. 192.168.0.0/24) . dynamic means the address space is reserved for dynamic allocation; static means the address space is reserved for static allocation. The default is dynamic. This option can be used multiple times.
 
 
primary-server-address [
secondary-server-address
]
Specify the DNS servers' IP addresses.
 
 
primary-server-address [
secondary-server-address
]
Specify the NetBIOS name servers' IP addresses.
 
 
yes | no
Specify whether npppd(8) is allowed to assign an address selected by the user. The default is “yes”.

The interface setting is described below:
interface ifname address address ipcp ipcp
Use tun(4) or pppx(4) and specify its name to ifname. address is the IP address of this interface, and it is used as the tunnel address to the tunnel peer. ipcp specifies the setting name that is used with this interface. The maximum number of interface settings is 8.

The authentication setting is described below:
authentication name type type { option ... }
Specify a name for this authentication setting. For type, one of the following can be specified:
Authenticates using local file.
Authenticates using remote RADIUS servers.
The supported options are as follows:
 
 
string
Specify the suffix of the username so that npppd(8) selects this authentication setting only for a user who has the username that matches this suffix pattern.
 
 
yes | no
Specify whether npppd(8) removes the NT domain prefix, such as '\\NTDOMAIN\', from the username before contacting the authentication server. The default is “yes”.
 
 
yes | no
Specify whether npppd(8) removes the realm part that begins with an at sign ('@') from the username before contacting the authentication server. The default is “no”.
 
 
string
Specify the path for npppd-users(5) that describes users' account information. The path must be under /etc/npppd/ because npppd(8) is restricted to accessing files only in certain directories.
 
 
[
radius-config
]
This option describes the settings for a RADIUS authentication server.
 
 
address [
port port
] [
secret secret
]
Specify the IP address and port of the RADIUS server, using shared secret. secret must be less than 127 characters. The default port is 1812 for authentication-server; 1813 for accounting-server. This option can be specified multiple times (maximum 16) in a radius-config.
 
 
number
Specify the maximum time for waiting for a response, in seconds. The default is 9.
 
 
number
Specify the maximum number of retransmissions. The default is 3.
 
 
number
Specify the maximum number of failovers. The default is 1.
 
 
radius-config }
This option describes the settings for a RADIUS accounting server. See authentication-server section for details of radius-config.

bind describes a group of tunnel, authentication, and interface settings so that they are used together.
bind tunnel from tunnel authenticated by authentication to ifname

A very simple configuration example is below:
tunnel L2TP protocol l2tp 
tunnel PPTP protocol pptp 
ipcp IPCP { 
    pool-address 10.0.0.2-10.0.0.254 
    dns-servers 8.8.8.8 
} 
interface pppx0 address 10.0.0.1 ipcp IPCP 
authentication LOCAL type local { 
    users-file "/etc/npppd/npppd-users" 
} 
bind tunnel from L2TP authenticated by LOCAL to pppx0 
bind tunnel from PPTP authenticated by LOCAL to pppx0
Another simple configuration, but with two authentication realms:
tunnel L2TP protocol l2tp { 
    listen on 203.0.113.100 
} 
ipcp IPCP { 
    pool-address 10.0.0.2-10.0.0.254 
    dns-servers 8.8.8.8 
} 
interface tun0 address 10.0.0.1 ipcp IPCP 
interface tun1 address 10.0.0.1 ipcp IPCP 
authentication RADIUS type radius { 
    username-suffix "@example.com" 
    authentication-server { 
        address 192.168.0.1 secret "hogehoge" 
    } 
    accounting-server { 
        address 192.168.0.1 secret "hogehoge" 
    } 
} 
authentication LOCAL type local { 
    username-suffix "@local" 
    users-file "/etc/npppd/npppd-users" 
} 
bind tunnel from L2TP authenticated by RADIUS to tun0 
bind tunnel from L2TP authenticated by LOCAL to tun1

pipex(4), pppx(4), tun(4), npppctl(8), npppd(8), sysctl(8)

The current version of npppd(8) does not support adding or removing tunnel settings or changing listener settings (listen address, port and l2tp-ipsec-require).
February 22, 2017 OpenBSD-6.1