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BOOT(8) System Manager's Manual (landisk) BOOT(8)

NAME

boot, boot.conflandisk-specific second-stage bootstrap

DESCRIPTION

The main purpose of this program is to load the system kernel from the root file system of the machine.
As described in boot_landisk(8), this program is loaded by the xxboot(8) primary bootstrap loader and provides a convenient way to load the kernel. This program acts as an enhanced boot monitor for landisk systems, providing a common interface for the kernel to start from.
Basic operations include:
The sequence of its operation is as follows: initialization, parsing the configuration file, then an interactive command line. While at the command line you have 5 seconds to type any commands, if needed. If time expires, the kernel will be loaded according to the current variable settings (see the set command). Each time a kernel load fails, the timeout is increased by one second. The sequence of boot operations is as follows:
  1. If the file /etc/boot.conf exists on the filesystem boot was loaded from, open and parse it. Lines beginning with the ‘#’ character, as well as whitespace at the beginning of lines, are ignored. The file may contain any commands boot accepts at the interactive prompt. Though default settings usually suffice, they can be changed here.
  2. The header line
    >> OpenBSD/landisk BOOT [x.xx]
    is displayed to the active console, where x.xx is the version number of the boot program, followed by the
    boot>
    prompt, which means you are in interactive mode and may enter commands. If you do not, boot will proceed to load the kernel with the current parameters after the timeout period has expired.
By default, boot attempts to load the kernel executable /bsd. If it fails to find the kernel and no alternative kernel image has been specified, the system will be unable to boot.

COMMANDS

The following commands are accepted at the boot prompt:
 
 
boot [[device:]image] [-acds]
Boots the specified kernel image with any options given. If device or image are omitted, values from boot variables will be used.
The only bootable device, at the moment, is the internal IDE device (either a compactflash media or an ATA disk drive), and is named ‘cf’. Therefore, to boot kernel /bsd from the internal drive, specify “boot cf:/bsd”.
 
 
-a
Causes the kernel to ask for the root device to use.
 
 
-c
Causes the kernel to go into boot_config(8) before performing autoconf(4) procedures.
 
 
-d
Causes the kernel to drop into ddb(4) at the earliest convenient point.
 
 
-s
Causes the kernel to boot single-user.
 
 
echo [args]
Displays args on the console device.
 
 
help
Prints a list of available commands.
 
 
ls [directory]
Prints contents of the specified directory in long format including: attributes and file type, owner, group, size, filename.
 
 
reboot
Reboots the machine by initiating a warm boot procedure.
 
 
set [varname [value]]
If invoked without arguments, prints a list of variables and their values. If only varname is specified, displays contents of that variable. If varname and value are both specified, sets that variable to the given value. Variables include:
addr
Address at which to load the kernel.
debug
Debug flag if boot was compiled with DEBUG defined.
howto
Options to pass to the loaded kernel.
image
File name containing the kernel image.
timeout
Number of seconds boot will wait for human intervention before booting the default kernel image.
 
 
time
Displays system time and date.

FILES

/boot
system bootstrap
/etc/boot.conf
system bootstrap's startup file
/bsd
kernel image
/bsd.rd
kernel image for installation/recovery
/usr/mdec/xxboot
first stage bootstrap

EXAMPLES

Boot the default kernel:
boot> boot
Remove the 5 second pause at boot-time permanently, causing boot to load the kernel immediately without prompting:
# echo "boot" > /etc/boot.conf
Boot the kernel named /bsd.rd in “User Kernel Configuration” mode (see boot_config(8)). This mechanism allows for the explicit enabling and disabling of devices during the current boot sequence, as well as the modification of device parameters. Once booted, such changes can be made permanent by using config(8)'s -e option.
boot> boot cf:/bsd.rd -c

SEE ALSO

gzip(1), autoconf(4), ddb(4), boot_config(8), boot_landisk(8), fdisk(8), reboot(8), xxboot(8)

HISTORY

This program was written by Michael Shalayeff for OpenBSD 4.1.
September 10, 2015 OpenBSD-6.1