generic tunnel interface
gif interface is a generic tunnelling
pseudo-device for IPv4 and IPv6. It can tunnel IPv over IPv with
behavior mainly based on RFC 4213 IPv6-over-IPv4, for a total of four
gif interface can be created at runtime
create command or by setting up a
hostname.if(5) configuration file for
gif interface must be configured with
the addresses used for the outer header. This can be done by using
tunnel command (which uses the
The addresses of the inner header must be configured by using
ifconfig(8) in the normal way. The routing table can be used to
direct packets toward the
sysctl(3), etherip(4), inet(4), inet6(4), ipsec(4), hostname.if(5), ifconfig(8), netstart(8)
E. Nordmark and R. Gilligan, Basic Transition Mechanisms for IPv6 Hosts and Routers, RFC 4213, October 2005.
gif device first appeared in WIDE
hydrangea IPv6 kit.
gif supported RFC 3378 EtherIP
tunnels over bridge(4) interfaces. This is now handled by
There are many tunnelling protocol specifications, defined
differently from each other.
gif may not
interoperate with peers which are based on different specifications, and are
picky about outer header fields. For example, you cannot usually use
gif to talk with IPsec devices that use IPsec tunnel
The current code does not check if the ingress address (outer
source address) configured to
gif makes sense. Make
sure to configure an address which belongs to your node. Otherwise, your
node will not be able to receive packets from the peer, and your node will
generate packets with a spoofed source address.
If the outer protocol is IPv6, path MTU discovery for encapsulated packet may affect communication over the interface.