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DH_SET_METHOD(3) Library Functions Manual DH_SET_METHOD(3)

DH_set_default_method, DH_get_default_method, DH_set_method, DH_new_method, DH_OpenSSLselect DH method

#include <openssl/dh.h>

DH_set_default_method(const DH_METHOD *meth);

const DH_METHOD *

DH_set_method(DH *dh, const DH_METHOD *meth);

DH *
DH_new_method(ENGINE *engine);

const DH_METHOD *

A DH_METHOD specifies the functions that OpenSSL uses for Diffie-Hellman operations. By modifying the method, alternative implementations such as hardware accelerators may be used. See the CAVEATS section for how these DH API functions are affected by the use of engine(3) API calls.

Initially, the default DH_METHOD is the OpenSSL internal implementation as returned by ().

() makes meth the default method for all DH structures created later. : This is true only whilst no ENGINE has been set as a default for DH, so this function is no longer recommended.

() returns a pointer to the current default DH_METHOD. However, the meaningfulness of this result is dependent on whether the engine(3) API is being used, so this function is no longer recommended.

() selects meth to perform all operations using the key dh. This will replace the DH_METHOD used by the dh key and if the previous method was supplied by an ENGINE, the handle to that ENGINE will be released during the change. It is possible to have DH keys that only work with certain DH_METHOD implementations (e.g. from an ENGINE module that supports embedded hardware-protected keys), and in such cases attempting to change the DH_METHOD for the key can have unexpected results.

() allocates and initializes a DH structure so that engine will be used for the DH operations. If engine is NULL, the default ENGINE for DH operations is used and, if no default ENGINE is set, the DH_METHOD controlled by DH_set_default_method() is used.

The DH_METHOD structure is defined as follows:

typedef struct dh_meth_st
     /* name of the implementation */
	const char *name;

     /* generate private and public DH values for key agreement */
        int (*generate_key)(DH *dh);

     /* compute shared secret */
        int (*compute_key)(unsigned char *key, BIGNUM *pub_key, DH *dh);

     /* compute r = a ^ p mod m (May be NULL for some implementations) */
        int (*bn_mod_exp)(DH *dh, BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p,
                                const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx,
                                BN_MONT_CTX *m_ctx);

     /* called at DH_new */
        int (*init)(DH *dh);

     /* called at DH_free */
        int (*finish)(DH *dh);

        int flags;

        char *app_data; /* ?? */


DH_OpenSSL() and DH_get_default_method() return pointers to the respective s.

DH_set_method() returns non-zero if the provided meth was successfully set as the method for dh (including unloading the ENGINE handle if the previous method was supplied by an ENGINE).

DH_new_method() returns NULL and sets an error code that can be obtained by ERR_get_error(3) if the allocation fails. Otherwise it returns a pointer to the newly allocated structure.


DH_set_default_method(), DH_get_default_method(), DH_set_method(), DH_new_method() and DH_OpenSSL() were added in OpenSSL 0.9.4.

As of version 0.9.7, DH_METHOD implementations are grouped together with other algorithmic APIs (e.g. RSA_METHOD, EVP_CIPHER) in ENGINE modules. If a default ENGINE is specified for DH functionality using an engine(3) API function, that will override any DH defaults set using the DH API (i.e. DH_set_default_method()). For this reason, the engine(3) API is the recommended way to control default implementations for use in DH and other cryptographic algorithms.

December 10, 2016 OpenBSD-6.1