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SYSLOGD(8) System Manager's Manual SYSLOGD(8)

NAME

syslogdlog systems messages

SYNOPSIS

syslogd [-46dFhnuV] [-a path] [-C CAfile] [-c cert_file] [-f config_file] [-k key_file] [-m mark_interval] [-p log_socket] [-S listen_address] [-s reporting_socket] [-T listen_address] [-U bind_address]

DESCRIPTION

syslogd reads and logs messages to the system console, log files, pipes to other programs, other machines and/or users as specified by its configuration file.
The options are as follows:
 
 
-4
Forces syslogd to use only IPv4 addresses for UDP.
 
 
-6
Forces syslogd to use only IPv6 addresses for UDP.
 
 
-a path
Specify a location where syslogd should place an additional log socket. Up to 20 additional logging sockets can be specified. The primary use for this is to place additional log sockets in /dev/log of various chroot filespaces, though the need for these is less urgent after the introduction of sendsyslog(2).
 
 
-C CAfile
PEM encoded file containing CA certificates used for certificate validation; the default is /etc/ssl/cert.pem.
 
 
-c cert_file
PEM encoded file containing the client certificate for TLS connections to a remote host. The default is not to use a client certificate for the connection to a syslog server. This option has to be used together with -k key_file.
 
 
-d
Enable debugging to the standard output, and do not disassociate from the controlling terminal.
 
 
-F
Run in the foreground instead of disassociating from the controlling terminal and running as a background daemon.
 
 
-f config_file
Specify the pathname of an alternate configuration file; the default is /etc/syslog.conf.
 
 
-h
Include the hostname when forwarding messages to a remote host.
 
 
-k key_file
PEM encoded file containing the client private key for TLS connections to a remote host. This option has to be used together with -c cert_file.
 
 
-m mark_interval
Select the number of minutes between “mark” messages; the default is 20 minutes.
 
 
-n
Print source addresses numerically rather than symbolically. This saves an address-to-name lookup for each incoming message, which can be useful when combined with the -u option on a loghost with no DNS cache. Messages from the local host will still be logged with the symbolic local host name.
 
 
-p log_socket
Specify the pathname of an alternate log socket to be used instead; the default is /dev/log.
 
 
-S listen_address
Create a TLS listen socket for receiving encrypted messages and bind it to the specified address. A port number may be specified using the host:port syntax. The syslog server will attempt to look up a private key in /etc/ssl/private/host:port.key and a public certificate in /etc/ssl/host:port.crt, where host is the specified host name or IP address and port is the specified port if given on the command line. If these files are not present, syslogd will continue to look in /etc/ssl/private/host.key and /etc/ssl/host.crt.
 
 
-s reporting_socket
Specify path to an AF_LOCAL socket for use in reporting logs stored in memory buffers using syslogc(8).
 
 
-T listen_address
Create a TCP listen socket for receiving messages and bind it to the specified address. There is no well-known port for syslog over TCP, so a port number must be specified using the host:port syntax.
 
 
-U bind_address
Create a UDP socket for receiving messages and bind it to the specified address. This can be used, for example, with a pf divert-to rule to receive packets when syslogd is bound to localhost. A port number may be specified using the host:port syntax.
 
 
-u
Select the historical “insecure” mode, in which syslogd will accept input from the UDP port. Some software wants this, but you can be subjected to a variety of attacks over the network, including attackers remotely filling logs.
 
 
-V
Do not perform server certificate and hostname validation.
syslogd reads its configuration file when it starts up and whenever it receives a hangup signal. For information on the format of the configuration file, see syslog.conf(5).
syslogd creates the file /var/run/syslog.pid, and stores its process ID there. This can be used to kill or reconfigure syslogd.
syslogd opens an Internet domain socket as specified in /etc/services. Normally syslogd will only use this socket to send messages outwards, but in “insecure” mode it will also read messages from this socket. syslogd also opens and reads messages from the UNIX-domain socket /dev/log, and from the special device /dev/klog (to read kernel messages).
syslogd opens the above described socket whether or not it is running in secure mode. If syslogd is running in secure mode, all incoming data on this socket is discarded. The socket is required for sending forwarded messages.
The message sent to syslogd should consist of a single line. The message can contain a priority code, which should be a preceding decimal number in angle braces, for example, “<5>”. This priority code should map into the priorities defined in the include file <sys/syslog.h>.

FILES

/etc/syslog.conf
configuration file
/var/run/syslog.pid
process ID of current syslogd
/dev/log
name of the UNIX-domain datagram log socket
/dev/klog
kernel log device

SEE ALSO

logger(1), syslog(3), services(5), syslog.conf(5), newsyslog(8), syslogc(8)

HISTORY

The syslogd command appeared in 4.3BSD.

CAVEATS

syslogd does not create files, it only logs to existing ones.
July 12, 2016 OpenBSD-6.0