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SHMGET(2) System Calls Manual SHMGET(2)


shmgetget shared memory area identifier


#include <sys/shm.h>
shmget(key_t key, size_t size, int shmflg);


shmget() returns the shared memory identifier associated with the key key.
A shared memory segment is created if either key is equal to IPC_PRIVATE, or key does not have a shared memory segment identifier associated with it, and the IPC_CREAT bit is set in shmflg.
If a new shared memory segment is created, the data structure associated with it (the shmid_ds structure, see shmctl(2)) is initialized as follows:


Upon successful completion a positive shared memory segment identifier is returned. Otherwise, -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.


A shared memory segment is already associated with key and the caller has no permission to access it.
Both IPC_CREAT and IPC_EXCL are set in shmflg, and a shared memory segment is already associated with key.
A shared memory segment is already associated with key and its size is less than the requested size.
A new shared memory identifier could not be created because the system limit for the number of shared memory identifiers has been reached.
IPC_CREAT was not set in shmflg and no shared memory segment associated with key was found.
There is not enough memory left to create a shared memory segment of the requested size.


ipcrm(1), ipcs(1), mmap(2), shmat(2), shmctl(2), ftok(3)
November 15, 2014 OpenBSD-5.9