return working directory
pwd utility prints the absolute
pathname of the current working directory to the standard output.
The options are as follows:
- If the
PWDenvironment variable is an absolute pathname that references the current directory and doesn't contain path components of "." or "..", then
PWDis printed as the name of the current directory. Otherwise, act as if the
-Poption was given.
- Print the physical path to the current working directory, with symbolic links in the path resolved.
options override each other and the command's actions are determined by the
last one specified. The default if no options are given is
For an explanation of the directory hierarchy, see hier(7).
- The presumptive logical path to the current working directory.
pwd utility exits 0 on success,
and >0 if an error occurs.
ksh(1), getcwd(3), hier(7)
pwd utility is compliant with the
IEEE Std 1003.1-2008 (“POSIX.1”)
specification, except the standard says the default if no options are given
should be to behave as if
-L had been specified.
pwd utility appeared in
Version 5 AT&T UNIX. Support for the
-L option was added in OpenBSD
pwd also exists as a built-in to
ksh(1), which may have a different default behavior.