|SCAN_FFS(8)||System Manager's Manual||SCAN_FFS(8)|
scan_ffs — find
UFS/FFS partitions on a disk
This is the life-saver of typos. If you have ever been working too long, and just happened to type 'disklabel -w sd0 floppy', instead of 'disklabel -w fd0 floppy', you know what I am talking about.
This little program will take a raw disk device (which you might have to create) that covers the whole disk, and finds all probable UFS/FFS partitions on the disk. It has various options to make it go faster, and to print out information to help in the reconstruction of the disklabel.
The options are as follows:
scan_ffswhere to begin searching for filesystems. This makes it easier to skip swap partitions, or other large non-UFS/FFS partitions.
scan_ffswhere to stop.
scan_ffsprint out a string looking much like the input to disklabel. With a little massaging, this output can usually be used in the disklabel edit.
scan_ffsto be smart about skipping partitions (when it thinks it found a valid one). By not scanning partitions for superblocks, the program completes a couple of orders of magnitude faster. However, sometimes being smart is too good for its own good, especially if your disk has had a different layout previously, or contains other non-UFS/FFS filesystems.
scan_ffsto be verbose about what it is doing, and what it has found.
scan_ffsshould use to scan for filesystems. Usually this device should cover the whole disk in question.
The basic operation of this program is as follows:
scan_ffsover this partition. If you have any information about the disklabel which used to exist on the disk, keep that in mind while
scan_ffsspews out its things.
scan_ffsand other sources.
Last but certainly not least, we wish you good luck. The UFS/FFS filesystems are pretty sturdy. I've seen them reconstructed after some pretty weird and awesome fumbles. If you can't have backups, at least have funky tools to help you out of a jam when they happen.
It is not perfect, and could do a lot more things with date/time information in the superblocks it finds, but this program has saved more than one butt, more than once.
|March 23, 2008||OpenBSD-5.5|