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clock_gettime, clock_settime, clock_getresget/set/calibrate date and time

#include <sys/time.h>

clock_gettime(clockid_t clock_id, struct timespec *tp);

clock_settime(clockid_t clock_id, const struct timespec *tp);

clock_getres(clockid_t clock_id, struct timespec *tp);

The () and () allow the calling process to retrieve or set the value used by a clock which is specified by clock_id.

clock_id can be one of four values: CLOCK_REALTIME for time that increments as a wall clock should, CLOCK_VIRTUAL for time that increments only when the CPU is running in user mode on behalf of the calling process, CLOCK_PROF for time that increments when the CPU is running in user or kernel mode, or CLOCK_MONOTONIC for time that increments at a steady rate (monotonically).

The structure pointed to by tp is defined in ⟨sys/time.h⟩ as:

struct timespec {
	time_t	tv_sec;		/* seconds */
	long	tv_nsec;	/* and nanoseconds */

Only the superuser may set the time of day. If the system securelevel is greater than 1 (see init(8)), the time may only be advanced. This limitation is imposed to prevent a malicious superuser from setting arbitrary time stamps on files. The system time can still be adjusted backwards using the adjtime(2) system call even when the system is secure.

The resolution (granularity) of a clock is returned by the () call. This value is placed in a (non-null) *tp.

A 0 return value indicates that the call succeeded. A -1 return value indicates an error occurred, and in this case an error code is stored into the global variable errno.

The following error codes may be set in errno:

The clock_id was not a valid value.
The tp argument address referenced invalid memory.
A user other than the superuser attempted to set the time.

date(1), adjtime(2), ctime(3)

The clock_gettime(), clock_settime(), and clock_getres() functions conform to IEEE Std 1003.1b-1993 (“POSIX.1b”).

July 7, 2011 OpenBSD-5.3